Month: July 2019

Starving children often dont recover even when fed enough Restoring their gut

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first_img Country * Afghanistan Aland Islands Albania Algeria Andorra Angola Anguilla Antarctica Antigua and Barbuda Argentina Armenia Aruba Australia Austria Azerbaijan Bahamas Bahrain Bangladesh Barbados Belarus Belgium Belize Benin Bermuda Bhutan Bolivia, Plurinational State of Bonaire, Sint Eustatius and Saba Bosnia and Herzegovina Botswana Bouvet Island Brazil British Indian Ocean Territory Brunei Darussalam Bulgaria Burkina Faso Burundi Cambodia Cameroon Canada Cape Verde Cayman Islands Central African Republic Chad Chile China Christmas Island Cocos (Keeling) Islands Colombia Comoros Congo Congo, the Democratic Republic of the Cook Islands Costa Rica Cote d’Ivoire Croatia Cuba Curaçao Cyprus Czech Republic Denmark Djibouti Dominica Dominican Republic Ecuador Egypt El Salvador Equatorial Guinea Eritrea Estonia Ethiopia Falkland Islands (Malvinas) Faroe Islands Fiji Finland France French Guiana French Polynesia French Southern Territories Gabon Gambia Georgia Germany Ghana Gibraltar Greece Greenland Grenada Guadeloupe Guatemala Guernsey Guinea Guinea-Bissau Guyana Haiti Heard Island and McDonald Islands Holy See (Vatican City State) Honduras Hungary Iceland India Indonesia Iran, Islamic Republic of Iraq Ireland Isle of Man Israel Italy Jamaica Japan Jersey Jordan Kazakhstan Kenya Kiribati Korea, Democratic People’s Republic of Korea, Republic of Kuwait Kyrgyzstan Lao People’s Democratic Republic Latvia Lebanon Lesotho Liberia Libyan Arab Jamahiriya Liechtenstein Lithuania Luxembourg Macao Macedonia, the former Yugoslav Republic of Madagascar Malawi Malaysia Maldives Mali Malta Martinique Mauritania Mauritius Mayotte Mexico Moldova, Republic of Monaco Mongolia Montenegro Montserrat Morocco Mozambique Myanmar Namibia Nauru Nepal Netherlands New Caledonia New Zealand Nicaragua Niger Nigeria Niue Norfolk Island Norway Oman Pakistan Palestine Panama Papua New Guinea Paraguay Peru Philippines Pitcairn Poland Portugal Qatar Reunion Romania Russian Federation Rwanda Saint Barthélemy Saint Helena, Ascension and Tristan da Cunha Saint Kitts and Nevis Saint Lucia Saint Martin (French part) Saint Pierre and Miquelon Saint Vincent and the Grenadines Samoa San Marino Sao Tome and Principe Saudi Arabia Senegal Serbia Seychelles Sierra Leone Singapore Sint Maarten (Dutch part) Slovakia Slovenia Solomon Islands Somalia South Africa South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands South Sudan Spain Sri Lanka Sudan Suriname Svalbard and Jan Mayen Swaziland Sweden Switzerland Syrian Arab Republic Taiwan Tajikistan Tanzania, United Republic of Thailand Timor-Leste Togo Tokelau Tonga Trinidad and Tobago Tunisia Turkey Turkmenistan Turks and Caicos Islands Tuvalu Uganda Ukraine United Arab Emirates United Kingdom United States Uruguay Uzbekistan Vanuatu Venezuela, Bolivarian Republic of Vietnam Virgin Islands, British Wallis and Futuna Western Sahara Yemen Zambia Zimbabwe Sign up for our daily newsletter Get more great content like this delivered right to you! Country Click to view the privacy policy. Required fields are indicated by an asterisk (*) Email Even after starving children get enough to eat again, they often fail to grow. Their brains don’t develop properly, and they remain susceptible to diseases, even many years later. Two studies in Science this week now suggest fostering the right gut microbes may help these children recover. The work also pinpoints combinations of foods that nurture the beneficial microbes.Most of the experiments were in animals, but a small group of malnourished children given those foods also showed signs of improvement. “This is an outstanding and extremely comprehensive study,” says Honorine Ward, a microbiologist and global health expert at Tufts University School of Medicine in Boston. Tailoring food aid to foster the microbiome “could be a key to new strategies for improving global public health and human potential,” adds David Relman, a microbiologist at Stanford University in Palo Alto, California.Tahmeed Ahmed, director of nutrition research at the International Centre for Diarrhoeal Disease Research, Bangladesh, in Dhaka, has tried for 30 years to help malnourished children recover better. About a decade ago, he was intrigued by work by Jeffrey Gordon at Washington University in St. Louis, Missouri, linking certain gut microbes to obesity. The two scientists wondered whether the microbiome—the set of microbes living in and on the human body—might also play a role in obesity’s opposite number, malnutrition. By Elizabeth PennisiJul. 11, 2019 , 2:00 PMcenter_img MUNIR UZ ZAMAN/AFP/Getty Images A child in Bangladesh gets measured to assess malnutrition. Starving children often don’t recover, even when fed enough. Restoring their gut bacteria could help Together, their teams reported in 2014 that the gut microbiome normally “matures” as an infant grows into a toddler. They also noticed that it remains immature in severely malnourished children, dominated by bacteria found in younger healthy children. Two years later, the researchers put mature and immature microbiomes from children into mice raised without microbes. Animals given the immature microbiomes put on less muscle, had weaker bones, and had impaired metabolisms, suggesting a mature microbiome might be needed for proper development.To pinpoint which among the microbiome’s hundreds of strains are linked to maturation, Arjun Raman, a postdoc in the Gordon lab, analyzed data from fecal samples that Ahmed’s team had collected monthly from 50 healthy infants in Bangladesh as they grew. Raman identified 15 types of bacteria that increased and decreased in concert as the microbiome matured. He and the team saw the same pattern in healthy children from Peru and India and even in germ-free piglets given the bacteria and eating the same food as the Bangladeshi infants and children, they report in Science.Fostering or suppressing those microbes could be key to helping children recover from malnutrition, the researchers thought. To test that idea, they needed a way to monitor recovery. Looking for a molecular signature of healthy growth, a graduate student in Gordon’s lab, Jeanette Gehrig, and colleagues monitored more than 1000 proteins and metabolites, such as fatty and amino acids, for ones that change as healthy children grow and malnourished ones recover.Gehrig and the rest of the team then tested the effects of various foods on mice and piglets whose microbiomes had been transplanted from malnourished infants. They hoped to find foods that could “encourage catchup growth in the microbiota,” Gordon says. Milk powder and rice, standard components of food aid, did little to foster maturation, but chickpea, banana, and soy and peanut flours helped the microbiomes mature.The researchers then fed mice and piglets supplements that combined all four foods and saw that the animals’ microbiomes matured, and their growth improved. “This study points to the importance and utility of thoughtfully selected nutrients to support key members of a microbiota,” Relman says.As a final proof of principle, Ahmed, Gordon, and their colleagues compared their supplements to standard recovery fare in about 60 malnourished Bangladeshi children for 1 month. That was too little time to assess long-term physical recovery, but long enough to see effects on the molecular signatures in the blood. Only the four-food combination sharply improved those signatures, they report in Science. It also improved the 15 bacteria Raman’s team linked to maturation.The results suggest a way to improve nutrition even in well-fed children, in whom a poor diet can lead to an increased risk of obesity, diabetes, and other diseases as adults. “If caregivers know the best foods to feed their children to support the development of their gut microbiota, we could potentially prevent undernutrition and immature microbiota to begin with,” Gehrig says.Relman and others are more cautious, particularly because it’s not clear the mature microbiomes will persist in malnourished infants who ate the supplements. Chris Damman, a senior program officer at the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation in Seattle, Washington, which funded the work, says, “I wouldn’t say this is ‘the future’ or ‘the cure-all.’ But it’s certainly an exciting lead and one that we think has promise.”Back in Bangladesh, Ahmed is coordinating an effort to provide the microbe-boosting diet and others to a larger group of malnourished children. The team will follow the children for 3 months, long enough to see whether the beneficial effects translate into healthy development. He’s hopeful, he says, that “this can be a game-changer in the treatment of malnutrition.”last_img read more

Drones disrupt flights at Singapore airport for second time in a week

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first_img Indian-origin banker gets 13 years in jail for forgery, cheating in Singapore By Reuters |Singapore | Published: June 25, 2019 8:41:10 am Drones disrupt flights at Singapore airport for second time in a week A similar incident involving drone flying affected 38 flights on Tuesday and Wednesday last week. (Source: File Photo)Unauthorised drone flying caused the second spate of delays and flight diversions in less than a week at Singapore’s Changi airport on Monday night, the city-state’s aviation authority said. SBI plans tapping Singapore SME businesses Singapore’s factories go no-frills as trade war hits demand Around 18 departures and arrivals were delayed and seven flights were diverted from the global transit hub due to “bad weather and unauthorised drone activities”, the Civil Aviation Authority of Singapore said in a statement on Tuesday.A similar incident involving drone flying affected 38 flights on Tuesday and Wednesday last week.Authorities are investigating.A surge in the availability of drones has become an increasing security concern for airports around the world.In December, drone sightings caused three days of travel chaos at London’s Gatwick airport, resulting in the cancellation or diversion of about 1,000 flights at an estimated cost of more than 50 million pounds ($64 million). Advertising Related News Post Comment(s)last_img read more

Chinese man gets death for killing wife hiding body in freezer for

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first_imgZhu Xiaodong, 30, spent nearly 150,000 yuan (USD 21,800) from his wife Yang Liping’s credit card on traveling with another woman for “trying to forget about the killing”, state-run China Daily reported. Yang, 30, was the only child of her parents.Zhu appealed against the death sentence handed down by the Shanghai No 2 Intermediate People’s Court in August.The Shanghai Higher People’s court on Friday confirmed the sentence, the report said. He purchased the freezer, which was used to preserve his wife’s body, online on September 22. He claimed that he bought it to store meat for his pet snakes, lizards, and frogs. But Yang’s family believed it was a premeditated murder.After Yang’s death, Zhu traveled to Hainan province, Nanjing and Xuzhou cities in Jiangsu province and South Korea in a bid to “trying to forget about the killing”.He used her credit cards for luxury goods and daily expenses. He used Yang’s ID card to check into hotel rooms along with another woman. He was convicted for strangling Yang during an argument on October 17, 2016, at their home in Hongkou district 10 months after they tied the knot, the court said.Zhu, a clerk at a clothing store, hid the body of the woman, a former primary school teacher, in a freezer in the balcony for 106 days, the report said.During the period, he logged into the social networking accounts of his wife and replied to text messages she received from her parents and friends, according to the court.Zhu surrendered before police accompanied by his parents on February 1 after realising he could no longer hide the truth as the couple was asked to attend the father-in-law’s birthday dinner that evening, the report said. India’s broken criminal justice system cannot support the death penalty Muzaffarnagar: 7 awarded death sentence for killing one nine years ago Related News By PTI |Beijing | Published: July 5, 2019 2:43:21 pm After Masood Azhar blacklisting, more isolation for Pakistan Post Comment(s)center_img China brushes off international concern over death sentence for Canadian Best Of Express Advertising Karnataka trust vote today: Speaker’s call on resignations, says SC, but gives rebel MLAs a shield Cabinet asks finance panel to consider securing funds for defence China death sentence, china man convicted, shanghai court, china court, shanghai death sentence, world news, Indian Express The Shanghai Higher People’s court on Friday confirmed the sentence, the report said.(Illustration: Suvajit Dey)A court in China’s Shanghai on Friday upheld the death sentence given to a man for killing his wife and hiding her body in a deep freezer for over 100 days. Advertisinglast_img read more

Somalia extremist attack in port city of Kismayo kills 10

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first_img Advertising Related News Explained: Is Somalia ready for a one-person one-vote election? Somalia security forces end militant attack on hotel that killed 13  Somalia, Somalia attack, Kismayo, Kismayo attack, Somalia attack death, Al-Shabab, Al-Shabab attack, World news, Indian Express, latest news The attack started with a suicide car bomb blast and then gunmen stormed into the hotel. Somalia’s al-Shabab Islamic rebels have claimed responsibility.At least 10 people, including two journalists, were killed in an extremist attack Friday on a hotel in the port city of Kismayo, a Somali official said. Mogadishu-based independent radio station Radio Dalsan confirmed to The Associated Press that Canadian journalist Hodan Nalayeh and her husband, Farid Jama Suleiman, died in the attack.“I’m absolutely devastated by the news of the death of our dear sister Hodan Nalayeh and her husband in a terrorist attack in Somalia today. What a loss to us. Her beautiful spirit shined through her work and the way she treated people,” Omar Suleiman, a Texas-based imam who knew the victim, wrote on social media.Nalayeh was born in Somalia in 1976, but spent most of her life in Canada, first in Alberta and then in Toronto. She founded Integration TV, an international web-based video production company aimed at Somali viewers around the world. She was the first Somali woman media owner in the world. Advertising By AP |Mogadishu | Published: July 13, 2019 9:57:49 am Abdi Ahmed, a local district official, told The Associated Press the death toll may rise as fighting continued inside the Asasey Hotel between the extremist gunmen and security forces. He said gunfire is continuing inside the hotel.He said most of the victims were patrons of the hotel, which is often frequented by lawmakers and local officials. He said the victims include two journalists.The attack started with a suicide car bomb blast and then gunmen stormed into the hotel. Somalia’s al-Shabab Islamic rebels have claimed responsibility. Car bomb and all-night hotel siege kill 26 in Somalia’s Kismayo Post Comment(s)last_img read more

A march in Hong Kong devolves into violence

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first_imgThe march in Sheung Shui was the latest in a series of demonstrations that have plunged the former British colony into its biggest political crisis since it was returned to Chinese rule in 1997. Opposition to a contentious bill that would have allowed extraditions to mainland China has drawn hundreds of thousands of protesters into the streets.This week, Carrie Lam, the city’s embattled leader, said the controversial bill was “dead,” but she has declined to formally withdraw it. Demonstrators say Lam’s steadfast refusal to completely retract the bill in the face of widespread opposition has undermined public trust in her leadership, fueling growing calls for her resignation. In recent weeks, protesters have also broadened their demands to include a call for greater democratic reforms in the city.Many of the protesters were residents angry with the vast numbers of “parallel traders” who come across the border from the mainland to buy items like baby formula and diapers for resale at a markup in China to evade import taxes. Local residents say the retail boom has pushed up commercial rents and forced businesses aimed at residents to relocate or close.In recent weeks, some protesters have voiced concerns that the movement’s growing demands could impact their ability to channel public support and sustain momentum. But on Saturday, several residents said the disparate demands were in fact related to a single issue.“People say it’s a different issue, one is a local problem, the other is citywide, but the root of it is rather the same,” said Gary Law, 32, who grew up in Sheung Shui. “It’s mostly about China.” Several thousand demonstrators gathered in the streets of a Hong Kong border town Saturday to protest against mainland Chinese traders, the latest effort by local activists to ride the momentum of recent mass protests in the city.What began as a peaceful protest Saturday in Sheung Shui, an area of Hong Kong close to the border with mainland China, devolved into clashes between demonstrators armed with umbrellas and police wielding batons, pepper spray and shields.Several protesters were seen being treated for injuries at the scene. After Masood Azhar blacklisting, ICJ verdict in Kulbhushan case isolates Pakistan Advertising Jharkhand court drops ‘donate Quran’ condition for bail to Ranchi woman over offensive post Post Comment(s) ‘Truth, justice have prevailed’: PM Modi on Kulbhushan Jadhav verdict Top News Advertising By New York Times |Hong Kong | Published: July 14, 2019 8:25:51 am hong kong protests, protests in hong kong, hong kong protests people arrested, china Police officers arrest a protester in Hong Kong. (AP/File)Written by Amy Qin and Ezra Cheunglast_img read more

Prosperous China says men preferred and women lose

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first_img China GDP growth slows to 6.2% in second quarter Salve hails verdict, says ICJ protected Jadhav from being executed Jharkhand court drops ‘donate Quran’ condition for bail to Ranchi woman over offensive post Trump says ‘will take a look’ at accusations over Google, China In a stark turnaround from the early decades of Communist rule, officials now look the other way when employers, reluctant to cover costs related to maternity leave, openly pick men over women for hiring and promotions. At home, women are increasingly disadvantaged in divorce and losing out on gains in the country’s property boom.As a result, Chinese women are being squeezed out of the workplace by employers who penalize them if they have children and by party officials urging them to focus on domestic life. At the same time, those who have managed to keep working are increasingly earning less relative to men.Mao famously told women they held up “half the sky” and outlawed arranged marriage and the practice of taking concubines. Despite political turmoil and persistent bias, Chinese women entered the workforce in record numbers, began to enjoy greater rights and were celebrated for their economic contributions.Thirty years ago, when the country first began implementing market reforms, Chinese women earned just under 80% of what men made. By 2010, according to the latest official data, the average income of women in Chinese cities had fallen to 67% that of men, and in the countryside 56%. In a break with the Marxist ambition of liberating women from patriarchal oppression, Xi has called on women to embrace their “unique role” in the family and “shoulder the responsibilities of taking care of the old and young, as well as educating children.”“No Communist leader before Xi has dared to openly say that women should shoulder the domestic burden,” Wang said.Eager to preserve the stability of the family unit, the party has also done little to help women following a recent court ruling that weakened their claim to property in divorce proceedings. And with divorce numbers on the rise, millions of Chinese women have been cut out of the nation’s real estate boom, experts say.Over the past decade, China’s ranking in the World Economic Forum’s global gender gap index has declined significantly — from 57th out of 139 countries in 2008 to 103rd in 2018.China once enjoyed one of the highest rates of female labor force participation in the world, with nearly 3 in 4 women working as recently as 1990. Now the figure is down to 61%, according to the International Labor Organization.“When it came to promoting women’s rights, China used to be in the lead,” said Feng Yuan, a feminist scholar in Beijing. “But now we are falling behind.”‘Either Way, We Will Lose’Since signing the special agreement two years ago, Wang has been terrified of getting pregnant, and for good reason: In her first months on the job, a pregnant co-worker was fired.Prosperous China says ‘men preferred,’ and women lose Since 2012, China has required companies to offer at least 14 weeks of paid leave to women having children. Fathers typically get two weeks. The disparity means help-wanted ads often openly specify “men only” or “men preferred.”Wang wanted to have a baby, too, she recalled, but signed the contract because she was excited about the job. Reporting her employer to the authorities also seemed unlikely to do much good.“I’m still a Chinese woman,” she said recently in a coffee shop in Tianjin. “Even though we have some complaints, we cannot risk bringing them up. Because either way, we will lose.”Forced to choose between career and family, Wang chose career. Many other Chinese women are dropping out of the workforce.The return of Chinese women to the home began in the 1980s, when mass layoffs at state factories meant women were often the first to be let go. It accelerated with rising expectations around child rearing.Wang Yan, 35, a stay-at-home mother in the eastern city of Yantai, said that her parents “only needed to make sure their kids weren’t hungry.”Now, facing a more competitive economy, parents, usually mothers, are expected to supervise homework, after-school tutoring and extracurricular activities — all while navigating safety scandals involving baby formula, day care and vaccinations.At work, managers are eager to rid their payrolls of women who might need maternity leave.Since 2012, China has required companies to offer at least 14 weeks of paid leave to women having children. Fathers typically get two weeks. The disparity means help-wanted ads often openly specify “men only” or “men preferred.”This is illegal, but even government agencies do it. One ministry in Beijing specified “men only” for more than half the jobs it advertised over the course of a year, an investigation by Human Rights Watch found.In an official survey in 2017, about 54% of women said they had been asked about their marriage and childbearing status in job interviews.Beijing issued a directive in February urging stronger enforcement of laws against gender discrimination. But it has not been a priority, and the party-controlled courts have not sided with women on other issues.‘A Man’s Law’When Sharon Shao approached several divorce lawyers in the spring of 2013, they all had the same advice: Don’t bother taking your husband to court. You have no hope of getting the apartment.It did not matter that she had been the primary breadwinner for most of their marriage and had made all the mortgage payments.It did not matter that he hit her. It did not matter that he had cheated on her.None of it mattered because her husband’s parents had put up the down payment and because her name was not on the property title.Under a ruling issued by China’s highest court in 2011, the lawyers said, that meant the apartment was his.For Shao, 36, who had no other home because her parents died when she was young, it was devastating. “After the divorce, I wandered around with no sense of belonging,” she said. “I was just floating.”Growing numbers of women in China have been through a similar experience. In a country where real estate accounts for over 70% of personal wealth — the high court’s ruling has been a significant setback for women.Chinese law had previously recognized a family’s home as joint property in divorce proceedings. But the 2011 ruling held that real estate purchased before marriage, either outright or on mortgage, should revert to the buyer in a divorce — and that is usually the husband.Driven by the popular belief that a woman will only marry a man if he owns a home, families often save for years to help their sons buy an apartment. Experts say the high court was responding to fears that women were using marriage to swindle their in-laws out of their savings.Though the ruling makes no distinction between men and women, it is a “man’s law,” said Lü Xiaoquan, a lawyer at Beijing Qianqian Law Firm. There are about 31 million more men in China than women, an imbalance caused by a traditional preference for sons, the one-child policy and sex-selective abortions. But Chinese women often accept marriage on unfavorable terms.One 2012 survey by Horizon China, a research firm in Beijing, found that 70% of married women contributed financially to the family’s purchases of real estate but that less than a third of home deeds included the woman’s name. Researchers at Nankai University in Tianjin in 2017 examined 4,253 property deeds and found the wife’s name listed on only about 1 in 5.These missing names have been disastrous for women in divorce proceedings since the 2011 ruling, said Leta Hong Fincher, author of a book about the subject.“The entire deck is stacked against women in so many ways,” she said.Taking cues from #MeToo activism overseas and China’s own history of feminism, some Chinese women have staged street protests and campaigns on social media for greater rights.There are also broader signs of dissatisfaction among Chinese women: The marriage rate fell last year to its lowest point since Xi took power, and the birthrate dropped to a level unseen in the 70-year history of the People’s Republic of China.The divorce rate is climbing, too, with women initiating most cases. In Beijing, authorities reported one divorce for every two marriages in 2017. Bella Wang barely noticed the section on the application inquiring whether she was married or had children. Employers in China routinely ask women such questions, and she had encountered them before in job interviews.It was a surprise, though, after she accepted a position as a manager at the company, a big language-training business in the northern city of Tianjin, when she was told the job came with a condition.As a married woman without children, she would have to sign a “special agreement” promising not to get pregnant for two years. If she broke that promise, the company said, she could be fired, without compensation. By New York Times |Tianjin | Updated: July 17, 2019 9:41:04 am ‘We’re almost extinct’: China’s investigative journalists are silenced under Xi Advertising Wang, 32, fluent in English with a degree in international trade, was outraged — but she signed.Such agreements are illegal but increasingly common in China, where discrimination against women is on the rise. From the womb to the workplace, from the political arena to the home, women in China are losing ground at every turn.Driving this regression in women’s status is a looming aging crisis, and the relaxing of the draconian “one-child” birth restrictions that contributed to the graying population. The Communist Party now wants to try to stimulate a baby boom. But instead of making it easier for women to both work and have children, China’s leader, Xi Jinping, has led a resurgence in traditional gender roles that has increasingly pushed women back into the home.“When the state policymakers needed women’s hands, they sent them to do labor,” said Wang Zheng, professor of women’s studies and history at the University of Michigan. “Now they want to push women into marriage and have a bunch of babies.” ‘Truth, justice have prevailed’: PM Modi on Kulbhushan Jadhav verdict Advertising “They aren’t having kids and getting married,” said Lü Pin, a prominent Chinese feminist activist. “That’s their way of pushing back.” Prosperous China says ‘men preferred,’ and women lose Wang wanted to have a baby, too, she recalled but signed the contract because she was excited about the job. Reporting her employer to the authorities also seemed unlikely to do much good. (New York Times)Written by Amy Qin Best Of Express Related News Advertising More Explained Explained: Kulbhushan Jadhav case file Post Comment(s)last_img read more

Chinese spacecraft successfully lands on moons far side and sends pictures back

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first_img Email By Dennis NormileJan. 3, 2019 , 4:50 AM China’s Chang’e-4 spacecraft successfully landed on the far side of the moon this morning Beijing time, accomplishing a worldwide first in lunar exploration. China’s state media confirmed that touchdown occurred at 10:26 a.m. local time; later in the day, the China National Space Administration released the first close-ups of the surface of the far side, taken by Chang’e-4 after it landed.“It’s a milestone for China’s lunar exploration project,” Yang Yuguang, of the China Aerospace Science & Industry Corporation in Beijing, told China Global Television Network, a state-operated English TV channel.The lander carries a rover that should be deployed sometime Friday. Sign up for our daily newsletter Get more great content like this delivered right to you! Country Chinese spacecraft successfully lands on moon’s far side and sends pictures back home Country * Afghanistan Aland Islands Albania Algeria Andorra Angola Anguilla Antarctica Antigua and Barbuda Argentina Armenia Aruba Australia Austria Azerbaijan Bahamas Bahrain Bangladesh Barbados Belarus Belgium Belize Benin Bermuda Bhutan Bolivia, Plurinational State of Bonaire, Sint Eustatius and Saba Bosnia and Herzegovina Botswana Bouvet Island Brazil British Indian Ocean Territory Brunei Darussalam Bulgaria Burkina Faso Burundi Cambodia Cameroon Canada Cape Verde Cayman Islands Central African Republic Chad Chile China Christmas Island Cocos (Keeling) Islands Colombia Comoros Congo Congo, the Democratic Republic of the Cook Islands Costa Rica Cote d’Ivoire Croatia Cuba Curaçao Cyprus Czech Republic Denmark Djibouti Dominica Dominican Republic Ecuador Egypt El Salvador Equatorial Guinea Eritrea Estonia Ethiopia Falkland Islands (Malvinas) Faroe Islands Fiji Finland France French Guiana French Polynesia French Southern Territories Gabon Gambia Georgia Germany Ghana Gibraltar Greece Greenland Grenada Guadeloupe Guatemala Guernsey Guinea Guinea-Bissau Guyana Haiti Heard Island and McDonald Islands Holy See (Vatican City State) Honduras Hungary Iceland India Indonesia Iran, Islamic Republic of Iraq Ireland Isle of Man Israel Italy Jamaica Japan Jersey Jordan Kazakhstan Kenya Kiribati Korea, Democratic People’s Republic of Korea, Republic of Kuwait Kyrgyzstan Lao People’s Democratic Republic Latvia Lebanon Lesotho Liberia Libyan Arab Jamahiriya Liechtenstein Lithuania Luxembourg Macao Macedonia, the former Yugoslav Republic of Madagascar Malawi Malaysia Maldives Mali Malta Martinique Mauritania Mauritius Mayotte Mexico Moldova, Republic of Monaco Mongolia Montenegro Montserrat Morocco Mozambique Myanmar Namibia Nauru Nepal Netherlands New Caledonia New Zealand Nicaragua Niger Nigeria Niue Norfolk Island Norway Oman Pakistan Palestine Panama Papua New Guinea Paraguay Peru Philippines Pitcairn Poland Portugal Qatar Reunion Romania Russian Federation Rwanda Saint Barthélemy Saint Helena, Ascension and Tristan da Cunha Saint Kitts and Nevis Saint Lucia Saint Martin (French part) Saint Pierre and Miquelon Saint Vincent and the Grenadines Samoa San Marino Sao Tome and Principe Saudi Arabia Senegal Serbia Seychelles Sierra Leone Singapore Sint Maarten (Dutch part) Slovakia Slovenia Solomon Islands Somalia South Africa South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands South Sudan Spain Sri Lanka Sudan Suriname Svalbard and Jan Mayen Swaziland Sweden Switzerland Syrian Arab Republic Taiwan Tajikistan Tanzania, United Republic of Thailand Timor-Leste Togo Tokelau Tonga Trinidad and Tobago Tunisia Turkey Turkmenistan Turks and Caicos Islands Tuvalu Uganda Ukraine United Arab Emirates United Kingdom United States Uruguay Uzbekistan Vanuatu Venezuela, Bolivarian Republic of Vietnam Virgin Islands, British Wallis and Futuna Western Sahara Yemen Zambia Zimbabwe A picture of the far side of the moon taken by Chang’e 4 this morning It’s a milestone for China’s lunar exploration project. China National Space Administration Chang’e-4 was launched on 8 December 2018 from the Xichang Satellite Launch Center in Sichuan province. The landing site is in the Von Kármán crater in the South Pole-Aitken Basin. The basin was likely formed by a giant asteroid impact that might have brought material from the moon’s upper mantle to the surface; studying samples taken there might offer scientists the chance to learn more about the composition of the body’s interior. The moon’s far side has a much thicker, older crust and is pockmarked by more and deeper craters than the near side, where large dark plains called maria, formed by ancient lava flows, have erased much of the cratering. Chang’e-4’s observations could give clues to the processes behind the differences. The lander carries cameras for observations of the terrain and a low-frequency spectrometer to study solar bursts. The rover has a panoramic camera, a spectrometer for identifying surface materials, and a ground-penetrating radar to probe subsurface structures. Sweden, Germany, the Netherlands, and Saudi Arabia contributed payloads that will measure radiation and use low-frequency radio astronomy to listen for faint signals lingering in the cosmos since the formation of the universe’s first stars, among other things. The lander also carries a minuscule biosphere developed by Chinese universities that will study the low-gravity interaction of a number of plants and silkworms.Getting to the far side poses engineering challenges, a fact that kept all 27 previous landings on the near side. Direct communications with spacecraft on the far side are blocked by the moon itself. So in May 2018, China put a communications relay satellite called Queqiao into a loop 65,000 kilometers beyond the moon at Earth-moon Lagrange Point 2, a gravitationally balanced location from which the spacecraft can exchange signals with both Earth and the moon’s far side. So far, the relay system seems to be working well.China’s lunar program began with orbiting observatories, Chang’e-1 and -2, in 2007 and 2010, respectively. It continued with a near side lander, Chang’e-3, in 2013. (The missions are named after a Chinese moon goddess.) The country will next take on the challenge of returning samples from the moon with Chang’e-5, slated for launch later this year. The craft will attempt to retrieve up to 2 kilograms of soil and rock from the Oceanus Procellarum, a vast lunar mare on the near side that has yet to be visited by any spacecraft. China is studying possible manned moon landings for sometime after 2025. Click to view the privacy policy. Required fields are indicated by an asterisk (*) Yang Yuguang, China Aerospace Science & Industry Corporation last_img read more

Project Second Innings In Dahod new chapter for retired teachers — and

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first_img Cabinet asks finance panel to consider securing funds for defence Best Of Express Written by Aishwarya Mohanty | Vadodara | Published: July 15, 2019 12:43:42 am After Masood Azhar blacklisting, more isolation for Pakistan Then, there’s 78-year-old Natha Barjod, the “Master ji” at the primary school in Kalia Valunda village. “I retired as a school principal in 1999, and was approached by the district last year to volunteer as a tutor in my village. I get about Rs 20,000 in pension, and both my sons are working, so I don’t have anything else to worry about. I help the students here with Gujarati and Maths,” he says.The results are showing. At last year’s Gunotsav, an annual evaluation in government primary schools, 58,639 students from classes 6 to 8 in Dahod were graded below 5 on a scale of 1-10 in reading, 66,133 in writing and 67,666 in Maths. Of these students, 27,598 improved their grades this year to above 6 in reading, 28,664 in writing and 32,827 in Maths.Dahod has also climbed one rung from the bottom among 33 districts in the Secondary School Certificate (SSC ) results — from last in pass percentage (37.35%) in 2018 to one step higher (49.18%) this year.According to District Collector, Vijay Kharadi, 285 more retired teachers are being drafted, with a target of 1,000 by the year-end. “We are also looking at retired government officials based in their villages who can devote time for the project,” he says.Nodal Education Officer (Aspirational District), Janak Patel, says they pick volunteers from an updated database. “As soon as teachers retire, we approach them to teach in their own villages. If they agree, we organise classes for an hour before or after normal school hours,” says Patel. Until last year, all that 59-year-old retired teacher Lakshman Chauhan wanted to do was spend time at his “small farm” near his home in Vadela. Today, he is back in front of the blackboard at the school, happy to be conducting remedial sessions for students in need.What has brought Bhabhor and Chauhan together is Project Second Innings, launched by the Dahod administration under the NITI Aayog’s Transformation of Aspirational Districts programme. Dahod is among 117 districts identified by NITI Aayog, with education as one of the core areas of focus.The project was launched in 2018 to help improve learning outcomes in primary and upper primary classes, specifically in reading, writing and Maths. And Chauhan is among 517 retired teachers who have voluntarily signed up, so far.“I still believe in the traditional system — read, write, practise and learn. If they can learn the language well, they can read and understand other subjects, too. I continuously conduct dictations and sessions where students read out from their textbooks,” says Chauhan. District Development Officer, R K Patel, says migration is “one of the key” factors that has led to lower learning outcomes in Dahod, a tribal district. Labour records show that over 30,000 people migrate every year on an average in search of work, mostly from February to July. Of them, about 15,000 return during the monsoon but leave again by August-end.“We realised that once students go home, they don’t get help because their parents are mostly out for work. With the experience and expertise of retired teachers, they get extra attention in school itself,” he says.Vinod Rao, Secretary, Education Department, Gujarat, says the “major challenge” in the district is attendance. “Against the state performance of 57% students with attendance above 80%, Dahod has only 17%. All these initiatives are directed towards reviving attendance,” he says. Advertising Karnataka trust vote today: Speaker’s call on resignations, says SC, but gives rebel MLAs a shield center_img Karnataka trust vote today: Speaker’s call on resignations, says SC, but gives rebel MLAs a shield Top News Advertising After Masood Azhar blacklisting, more isolation for Pakistan Cabinet asks finance panel to consider securing funds for defence Post Comment(s) education, education poverty, indias poor education, dahod, dahod niti aayog, niti aayog education projects Retired teacher Natha Barjod at the primary school in Kalia Valunda village, Dahod. (Express Photo by Bhupendra Rana)UNTIL LAST year, Surya Bhabhor had the odds stacked against him. His parents were away, working as migrant workers, and he was with his grandmother in Gujarat’s Dahod, struggling to cope at school, finding it “difficult to read and write English”. Today, the 11-year-old breezes through the alphabet, and is happy to write his name in English and read out from a Class 5 textbook at the primary school in Vadela village.last_img read more

With Audio Focus Apple SideSteps Smart Speaker Competition

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first_imgMore iPad Muscle Heat on Sonos and Bose Focus on Music Apple also introduced to developers a new AR kit that it believes will make the company a leader in the augmented reality domain. “With AR kit, iOS 11 becomes the world’s largest augmented reality platform,” Cook said.What Apple introduced with AR on mobile is significant, maintained Bajarin.”They’ll dominate the AR space in mobile almost overnight,” he said. “The AR kit will create a level of innovation within their software developer community that is going to result in an amazing amount of new apps.”While there may be lots of new apps, whether or not there will be a lot innovation remains to be seen.”They’re not adding any hardware,” Krewell noted. “They’re just using the existing iPhone platform for AR, so it’s a limited version of AR — a better version of Pokemon Go.” In addition to announcing a new 10.5-inch iPad Pro, Apple revealed a number of features in iOS 11, which will be released in the fall, that give the tablets desktop operating features like drag and drop, an expanded dock for quick access to favorite programs, and support of a file system, including baked in support for popular third-party apps like Dropbox and One Drive. Apple is positioning HomePod more as an audio device than a smart home interface, said Jonathan Collins, a research director at ABI Research.”The focus looks to be more about competing with Sonos and supporting Apple’s Music service than its HomeKit efforts,” he told TechNewsWorld.”The price tag is notably higher than both Amazon and Google’s smart home offerings,” he pointed out, “and while it will no doubt appeal to Apple fans, there is little to suggest — at least from the initial details — that this will directly compete against those Echo and Home devices.” John P. Mello Jr. has been an ECT News Network reportersince 2003. His areas of focus include cybersecurity, IT issues, privacy, e-commerce, social media, artificial intelligence, big data and consumer electronics. He has written and edited for numerous publications, including the Boston Business Journal, theBoston Phoenix, Megapixel.Net and GovernmentSecurity News. Email John. “Those are the features on the Mac that most of us have been wanting on the iPad for at least three years,” Creative Strategies’ Bajarin said.”Now the iPad is very similar in experience to the Macintosh,” he added. “That tells me that Apple believes that the iPad is the future form factor for mobile computing.”The iOS 11 features were needed if the iPad Pro wanted to live up to its “pro” name, maintained Kevin Krewell, a principal analyst at Tirias Research.”Without a file manager, you really couldn’t use it as a professional tool,” he told TechNewsWorld.”Now the iPad is much more functional for a professional who’s used to using a file manager in their work,” Krewell added. “This is a big step up for iOS.” AR Powerhouse? The processor, which can be found in older iPhones, allows the speaker to do real-time acoustic modeling, audio beam forming and multichannel echo cancellation.”You don’t have to know what any of that is,” said Schiller. “Just know that it sounds incredible.”There are six microphones in HomePod, so it can handle voice commands — even when it’s playing music — through Apple’s digital assistant Siri.”We really believe it’s going to take your home music experience to the next level,” Apple CEO Tim Cook said at the event.Although the smart speaker market is dominated by Amazon and Google, Apple appears to have set its sights on other players in the speaker market.”It’s going after Sonos and Bose sound systems in the home,” noted Tim Bajarin, president of Creative Strategies.”This is a powerful home audio speaker first that also supports Siri,” he told TechNewsWorld. Apple raised the curtain on HomePod, its upcoming smart speaker, during Monday’s keynote presentation at its Worldwide Developers Conference.The company also announced some desktop OS features for the iPad, and revealed its plans to become an augmented reality powerhouse.”Just like iPod reinvented music in our pockets, HomePod is going to reinvent music in our homes,” Phil Schiller, Apple’s senior vice president for worldwide marketing, told an enthusiastic crowd at the San Jose Convention Center in California.HomePod, which will sell for US$350, is slightly less than 7 inches tall and is covered with a seamless 3D mesh fabric which, Schiller said, has “incredible acoustic properties.”Inside the speaker, there are seven tweeters, each with their own driver, that give sound precise directional control. HomePod also has a 4-inch woofer that uses dynamic software modeling to eliminate distortion as the volume is cranked up.The “smarts” of the speaker is from an Apple A8 processor.”It’s perhaps the biggest brain ever in a speaker,” Schiller said.The HomePod will be available in December. last_img read more

Tech Titans Pledge Continued Paris Accord Support

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first_imgSeeking a Brave New World Several high-tech industry companies that have opposed the United States’ withdrawal from the Paris Agreement have pledged to continue their environmentally conscious efforts.Google CEO Sundar Pichai promised to stay the course in his tweeted response:Disappointed with today’s decision. Google will keep working hard for a cleaner, more prosperous future for all.— Sundar Pichai (@sundarpichai) June 1, 2017″Withdrawing from the Paris climate agreement is bad for the environment, bad for the economy, and it puts our children’s future at risk,” wrote Facebook CEO Mark Zuckerberg.”For our part, we’ve committed that every new data center we build will be powered by 100% renewable energy,” he added.Salesforce CEO Marc Benioff tweeted a statement of his company’s resolve to promote sustainability.Deeply disappointed by President’s decision to withdraw from ParisAgreement. We will double our efforts to fight climate change. pic.twitter.com/cmCLf9CoVY— Marc Benioff (@Benioff) June 1, 2017″Microsoft believes that climate change is an urgent issue that demands global action,” President Brad Smith posted on LinkedIn. “We’ve sent letters to and held meetings on this topic with senior officials in the State Department and the White House.”Apple CEO Tim Cook earlier this week urged President Trump to keep the U.S. in the agreement, he told employees in an email.Climate change is real, Cook said. Although disappointed with the pullout, he pledged to continue the company’s environmental push. The Trump administration will begin negotiations either to re-enter the Paris Agreement or to create a new one “on terms that are fair to the United States, its businesses, its people, its taxpayers,” the president said.However, France, Germany and Italy said in a joint statement that the Paris Agreement cannot be renegotiated.”Overpopulation and the environment are issues that must be addressed now,” said Jim McGregor, principal at Tirias Research.”If there’s something awry with the current agreements, we need to address those issues, either with modifications to the agreement or a new one — not just walk away,” he told TechNewsWorld.”The U.S. should be the leader, not the anchor holding us back by not signing the accords,” McGregor added. What High-Tech Companies Can Do Compliance with the terms of the agreement “could cost America as much as 2.7 million lost jobs by 2025,” including 440,000 fewer manufacturing jobs, President Trump said, citing a study by National Economic Research Associates.By 2040, compliance would cut production for various sectors, costing close to US$3 trillion in lost GDP and 6.5 million industrial jobs, Trump said, based on the study’s findings.Other studies, carried out not only by environmental organizations, but also by Citibank and the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development, have concluded that failure to curb climate change could cost the U.S. economy trillions of dollars, according to a New York Times news analysis.The Paris Agreement “could legitimately be branded as an economic accord, given the potential financial impact on the countries that agreed to it,” said Rob Enderle, principal analyst at the Enderle Group.However, “given the impact on climate is both disputed and indirect, it likely would have been more accurate to call this an accord that’s more directly focused on pollution, because the core measurements were tied to that,” he told TechNewsWorld.The Paris Agreement “was more of a political vehicle and one that was long on promise but very short on actual content,” Enderle said, adding that it lacks teeth to ensure compliance.It appears that Trump’s decision this week has triggered a process that will continue into 2020, likely ensuring that climate change will be a significant issue during the next presidential election.center_img Why Trump Withdrew From the Paris Agreement “Any number of companies are acting consciously to improve their environmental impact,” noted Charles King, principal analyst at Pund-IT.For example, Dell EMC “has a variety of initiatives,” he told TechNewsWorld, including “using recycled materials in their packaging … and an initiative to recycle plastics floating in the ocean.”Still, many tech companies “talk the talk but don’t walk the walk when it comes to the environment,” Tirias’ McGregor pointed out.The fact that both supporters and opponents of environmental issues “know much of what they’re saying isn’t true, makes positive change almost impossible to accomplish,” Enderle said.The tech industry “is all about data and accuracy,” he remarked, and it “could use these tools to cut through the dishonesty and help those that truly want to make change.” Richard Adhikari has been an ECT News Network reporter since 2008. His areas of focus include cybersecurity, mobile technologies, CRM, databases, software development, mainframe and mid-range computing, and application development. He has written and edited for numerous publications, including Information Week and Computerworld. He is the author of two books on client/server technology. Email Richard.last_img read more

MWH Medical and Siemens Healthineers partner to launch first Asia Reference Center

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first_imgMWH Medical and Siemens Healthineers Partnership Opens Doors for Clinical Advancements in the Healthcare Sector.This partnership is a testament to the long working relationship between MWH Medical and Siemens Healthineers. Both parties will develop a Center of Excellence with the long-term objectives of ensuring better disease management and improving quality of patient care.With the rise of chronic diseases prevalent in Asia, the Centre will allow both parties to embark on partnerships to meet the enormous clinical interest in diagnostic advanced imaging.Through their shared efforts and cooperation, global experts from Siemens Healthineers will leverage MWH Medical’s facilities and state-of-the-art technology to drive training programmes and educate both local and regional medical practitioners.Together, both parties will continue to expand healthcare services in ensuring better disease management and improving overall patient outcome.Region’s First Siemens Healthineers Asia Reference Center in SingaporeSiemens Healthineers will establish its first-in-the-region, Asia Reference Center at the newly-launched MWH Medical Center. The Center will serve as a touch point to other regional medical facilities and to introduce Siemens’ latest medical innovations and technology in Asia.This strategic partnership will pave its way as the region’s main healthcare hub and cater to the challenges medical practitioners face in managing higher expectations around convenience, customization and overall experience.The partnership will seed a new set of considerations in seeking growth amid an industry in transformation.MWH Medical housed the region’s first 3T Magnetom Vida MRI machine that incorporates artificial intelligence with its BioMatrix Technology, the 3T MRI machine conducts faster examinations and produces results with higher resolution for better image quality and accuracy.The technology caters to the specific needs of each patient, while also delivering consistent, high-quality and personalized examination results that prevent unwarranted variations in imaging results, allowing MWH Medical to achieve improved medical precision and deliver better patient care.Partnership Elevates MWH Medical’s Patient-centric Care Through Digital Transformation Deputy Prime Minister and Coordinating Minister for National Security, Mr Teo Chee Hean, and Deputy Speaker of Parliament, Mr Charles Chong touring the Siemens Healthineers Asia Reference Center at the new MWH Medical Center The regional medical landscape is still fraught with underdeveloped infrastructure, fiscal constraints and shortages of medical professionals and equipment. In line with Singapore’s Smart Nation drive, we recognize that advancements in technology is needed to address growing medical concerns.With our strategic partnership with Siemens Healthineers, and in line with Singapore’s Smart Nation initiative, we want to digitize the healthcare experience for both patient and caregiver by improving the speed and efficacy in delivering care to patients.Doctors and patients alike will now be able to access their medical information remotely via the MWH app, and patients will now be able to participate in a tele-collaboration with experts from around the world together with their consulting doctor, reducing the need to even leave the country,”Dr. Michael Lim, Medical Director of MWH Medical. Source:https://www.healthcare.siemens.com/ Addressing Asia-Pacific’s Burgeoning Healthcare NeedsRelated StoriesSiemens debuts single-source CT scanner, SOMATOM Definition Edge at RSNA 2011Siemens Medical pledges $200,000 to SIR Foundation’s Discovery CampaignSiemens, Arkansas complete $10M agreement for Soarian health IT solution”The rise of the digital economy has had a profound effect across industries, eliciting varying degrees of adaptation. With one of the best healthcare systems in Asia and the world, setting up Siemens Healthineers’ first Asia Reference Center in Singapore together with MWH Medical was an amicable decision to make.””We are aligned in wanting to achieve the best outcome in healthcare delivery, and with the support of MWH Medical we look forward to providing Asia with greater access to the latest, world-class innovations in medical technology with precision medicine and transforming care delivery,” said Ms Siow Ai Li, Managing Director, Singapore, Siemens Healthineers. MWH Medical’s strategic partnership with Siemens Healthineers is a win-win for the state of healthcare in the region. Being able to meet the healthcare needs in the region  through this partnership with  Siemens Healthineers’ state-of-art technology, will help to enhance the status of Singapore as a regional health center for high quality health care.”Dr. Michael Lim, Medical Director of MWH Medical. Oct 23 2018Reviewed by Kate Anderton, B.Sc. (Editor)MWH Medical Pte Ltd (“MWH Medical” or “the Group”), a leading homegrown medical group, and Siemens Healthineers are pleased to announce the launch of the first Asia Reference Center through their partnership.Guest-of-Honor, Deputy Prime Minister and Coordinating Minister for National Security, Mr. Teo Chee Hean will be officiating the grand opening of the multi-specialist medical center at Royal Square, Novena.last_img read more

Exploring pathophysiological factors that link sleep problems and Alzheimers disease

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first_img Source:http://www.the-aps.org/mm/hp/Audiences/Public-Press/2019/11.html Reviewed by Alina Shrourou, B.Sc. (Editor)Mar 22 2019A new article explores the pathophysiological factors that link sleep disturbances and Alzheimer’s disease. Better understanding of this connection may lead to potential diagnostics and therapeutics for Alzheimer’s disease and other neurodegenerative diseases and dementia. The article is published ahead of print in the Journal of Neurophysiology (JNP).Alzheimer’s research has largely focused on the presence of two proteins–amyloid beta and tau–in the brain. Amyloid beta is thought to be involved with learning and the ability of the brain to change and adapt, and tau helps regulate normal signaling between neuronal cells. People with Alzheimer’s disease have been found to have both hallmarks: a buildup of amyloid beta and tau tangles in the brain.Related StoriesHealthy lifestyle lowers dementia risk despite genetic predispositionUnpleasant experiences could be countered with a good night’s REM sleepSleep disorders in patients with low back pain linked to increased healthcare visits, costsPrevious studies in healthy animals and humans have reported higher levels of amyloid beta after a single night of sleep deprivation. This is consistent with normal fluctuation patterns of the protein that occur before sleeping and upon waking. These findings suggest that sleep helps the body eliminate excess amyloid beta before too much accumulates in the brain. Research has also shown that disruption of slow-wave sleep–a deep sleep phase–causes amyloid beta levels to rise as much as 30 percent. “This evidence demonstrates the significance of sleep in clearing metabolic waste and sleep disruption as a significant mediator in the development of [Alzheimer’s disease],” Shen Ning and Mehdi Jorfi, PhD, the authors of the article, wrote.The presence of tau–the protein that is found tangled in the brain of people with Alzheimer’s disease–in the fluid that surrounds the brain and spinal cord (cerebrospinal fluid) is a marker of injury to the nerve cells, the authors explained. Sleep deprivation for as little as one night has been found to increase tau levels by as much as 50 percent in cerebrospinal fluid.The research suggests that increased production of amyloid beta and tau and reduced elimination of these proteins is the primary contributing factor to Alzheimer’s disease. While quality sleep seems to be able to help the body clear excess proteins, “the question remains whether sleep disruption aggravates [Alzheimer’s disease] symptoms and augments disease progression, or if sleep disruption actually initiates the cascade of [Alzheimer’s disease] development,” the researchers wrote.Continuing study of the relationship between sleep and Alzheimer’s disease “holds great promise in bridging the molecular and cellular biology of sleep in context of the development of [Alzheimer’s disease]. It may even provide helpful therapeutic benefits in preventing not only [Alzheimer’s disease], but also in improving diagnosis and treatments for psychiatric and metabolic diseases,” the researchers wrote.last_img read more

Sleeping pill use may indicate future need for greater hypertension treatment

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first_img Source:https://newsroom.wiley.com/press-release/geriatrics-gerontology-international/sleeping-pill-use-linked-greater-need-blood-press Reviewed by Alina Shrourou, B.Sc. (Editor)Apr 3 2019In a Geriatrics & Gerontology International study of 752 older adults with hypertension followed from 2008-2010 through 2012-2013, using sleeping pills on a regular basis was linked with use of an increasing number of blood pressure medications over time.The association was observed regardless of sleep duration and quality, body mass index, diet, physical activity, and hypertension control.Although additional research is needed to understand this link, the findings suggest that sleeping pill use may be an indicator of a future need for greater hypertension treatment and the need to investigate underlying sleep disorders or unhealthy lifestyles that may contribute to hypertension.”Previous reports on associations of sleep characteristics with blood pressure and hypertension were focused on middle-aged adults; however these associations were absent or inconsistent among older adults,” said senior author Dr. José Banegas, of the Universidad Autónoma de Madrid, in Spain.​last_img read more

JAMA commentary Nutrition knowledge essential for todays physicians

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first_imgReviewed by James Ives, M.Psych. (Editor)Jul 3 2019Nutrition knowledge is essential for today’s physicians, according to a JAMA Internal Medicine commentary published July 1. The commentary–authored by Neal Barnard, MD, president of the Physicians Committee for Responsible Medicine–points out that overweight, diabetes, heart disease, and many forms of cancer are driven by unhealthful diets, and that most doctors do not have the knowledge to turn this problem around. In a 2018 survey, 61 percent of internal medicine residents reported having little or no training in nutrition.In the commentary, Dr. Barnard recalls a patient who was hospitalized with a foot infection that was a complication of longstanding diabetes. Although Dr. Barnard notes that with sufficient change in the diet, insulin resistance and diabetes itself can improve and sometimes even disappear, the patient’s doctors recommended amputation.Related StoriesIt is okay for women with lupus to get pregnant with proper care, says new studyAre fruit fly ‘avatars’ the next step in personalized medicine?Diet and nutrition influence microbiome in colonic mucosa”Although the roots of type 2 diabetes are in the everyday food choices that lead to obesity and insulin resistance, we were ready to amputate, but never started a discussion about improving her diet,” writes Dr. Barnard. While 94 percent of resident physicians recognize the importance of diet and feel that nutrition counseling should be part of patient visits, only 14 percent feel trained to offer it.Research shows that a diet rich in fruits, vegetables, grains, and beans, can help fight heart disease, hypertension, diabetes, and cancer. But just 9.3 percent of U.S. adults meet the daily vegetable intake recommendation, while only 12.2 percent of adults get enough fruit.Dr. Barnard recommends five steps the medical community can take to address this lack of knowledge about nutrition: (1) Nutrition should be a required part of continuing medical education for physicians everywhere; (2) Doctors should work with registered dietitians; (3) Electronic medical record services should include customizable nutrition questions and handouts; (4) Doctors are role models and should embrace that fact by modeling healthy eating habits; (5) The medical community should support healthier food environments, including in hospitals and schools.Legislators throughout the U.S. are also calling for nutrition education for physicians. Last month, Washington, D.C., Councilmember Mary Cheh introduced a bill recommending continuing education on nutrition for physicians, nurses, and physician assistants. In New York, lawmakers have introduced similar legislation: A7695/S5887.Founded in 1985, the Physicians Committee for Responsible Medicine is a nonprofit organization that promotes preventive medicine, conducts clinical research, and encourages higher standards for ethics and effectiveness in education and research. Source:Physicians Committee for Responsible Medicinelast_img read more

Tesla cuts 9 pct of workforce in bid to post a profit

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first_imgIn this April 15, 2018, file photo the sun shines off the rear deck of a roadster on a Tesla dealer’s lot in the south Denver suburb of Littleton, Colo. Electric car maker Tesla Inc. is laying off about 3,600 white-collar workers as it slashes costs in an effort to become profitable. CEO Elon Musk says in an e-mail to workers Tuesday, June 12, that the cuts amount to about 9 percent of the company’s workforce of 40,000. (AP Photo/David Zalubowski, File) Explore further In an email to workers on Tuesday, Musk said the cuts amount to about 9 percent of the company’s workforce of 40,000.Tesla would not say how much money the layoffs would save, but said no factory workers would be affected as the company continues to ramp up production of its lower-priced Model 3 compact car.The move is part of an organizational restructuring that Musk announced earlier in the year.”Tesla has grown and evolved rapidly over the past several years, which has resulted in some duplication of roles and some job functions that, while they made sense in the past, are difficult to justify today,” Musk wrote in the email. He thanked departing employees for their hard work and said Tesla is providing “significant salary and stock vesting” to those being let go, based on their length of service.Tesla has not made an annual profit in its 15 years of doing business, and it has posted only two quarterly net profits.At the company’s annual shareholder meeting earlier this month, Musk said he expected the Palo Alto, California, company to post a quarterly profit during the July-September period. For nearly all of its history, Tesla has put up losses while investing heavily in technology, manufacturing plants and an extensive car-charging network.It’s not the first time Tesla has laid off workers. The company let go of 400 to 700 workers last fall after completing annual performance reviews, and it laid off a small number of workers back in 2008. In this May 7, 2018, file photo, Elon Musk attends The Metropolitan Museum of Art’s Costume Institute benefit gala celebrating the opening of the Heavenly Bodies: Fashion and the Catholic Imagination exhibition in New York. Tesla Inc. is laying off about 3,600 white-collar workers as it slashes costs in an effort to become profitable. Musk says in an e-mail to workers Tuesday, June 12, 2018, that the cuts amount to about 9 percent of the company’s workforce of 40,000. (Photo by Charles Sykes/Invision/AP, File) Citation: Tesla cuts 9 pct. of workforce in bid to post a profit (2018, June 12) retrieved 18 July 2019 from https://phys.org/news/2018-06-tesla-staff-layoffs-affect-production.html Tesla shares rose 2.5 percent to $340.34 in afternoon trading, after reaching as high as $354.97 around noon.Musk also announced that the company’s solar panel unit has decided to end its agreement to sell via Home Depot stores so it can focus on sales in Tesla’s company stores and online. A majority of Tesla employees working at Home Depot will get offers to work in Tesla’s own stores.Consumer Edge Research Analyst James Albertine wrote in a note to investors that he views the moves “as a positive in helping Tesla track toward profitability later this year.”He wrote that reaching Musk’s Model 3 production goal of 5,000 vehicles per week by the end of June is still the primary driver of profitability. “A focus on ‘getting lean’ is a positive with respect to Tesla’s guidance for achieving consolidated profitability in 2018, in our view,” he wrote.The Model 3 starts at $35,000, but lower-priced configurations are not available yet. It can easily top $50,000 with options. Electric car maker Tesla Inc. is laying off about 3,600 workers mainly from its salaried ranks as it slashes costs in an effort to deliver on CEO Elon Musk’s promise to turn a profit in the second half of the year. Musk wrote in the email that the company will never achieve its mission to help move the world to cleaner energy “unless we eventually demonstrate that we can be sustainably profitable.”The company is making the move now so it never has to do it again, he wrote. Tesla still has a significant need for production workers as it tries to reach Model 3 manufacturing targets, he wrote in the email.The layoffs come in engineering, sales and other front-office functions, but the company says the remaining workforce is large enough to accomplish Musk’s lofty goals of rolling out a semi, pickup truck and a new SUV in the coming years. © 2018 The Associated Press. All rights reserved. Tesla shareholders reject bid to strip Musk of chairman role This document is subject to copyright. Apart from any fair dealing for the purpose of private study or research, no part may be reproduced without the written permission. The content is provided for information purposes only.last_img read more

Local official sues Facebook over data misuse

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first_imgA lawsuit filed in the US capital could impose consequences on Facebook for the leak of personal data to the political consultancy Cambridge Analytica Explore further Citation: Local official sues Facebook over data misuse (2018, December 19) retrieved 17 July 2019 from https://phys.org/news/2018-12-local-sues-facebook-misuse.html © 2018 AFP This document is subject to copyright. Apart from any fair dealing for the purpose of private study or research, no part may be reproduced without the written permission. The content is provided for information purposes only.center_img Facebook appeals its UK fine in Cambridge Analytica scandal The lawsuit by the District of Columbia attorney general is likely the first by an official US body that could impose consequences on the leading social network for the data misuse.”Facebook failed to protect the privacy of its users and deceived them about who had access to their data and how it was used,” said Attorney General Karl Racine in a statement.”Facebook put users at risk of manipulation by allowing companies like Cambridge Analytica and other third-party applications to collect personal data without users’ permission. Today’s lawsuit is about making Facebook live up to its promise to protect its users’ privacy.”The lawsuit filed in the DC Superior Court seeks an injunction “to ensure Facebook puts in place protocols and safeguards to monitor users’ data and to make it easier for users to control their privacy settings,” and “restitution” for consumers.There was no immediate comment from Facebook.Facebook has admitted that up to 87 million users may have had their data hijacked by Cambridge Analytica, which shut down weeks after the news emerged on its handling of private user information.A “whistleblower” at the consultancy said it used Facebook data to develop profiles of users who were targeted with personalized messages that could have played on their fears.The scandal has triggered a series of investigations and broad review by Facebook on how it shares user data with third parties. The top legal officer in the US capital city has sued Facebook over privacy violations related to personal data leaked to the Cambridge Analytica consultancy working on Donald Trump’s 2016 campaign.last_img read more

Why are TVs so cheap now Well your smart TV is watching

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first_imgYour smart TV is watching you. And making money off you as well. Citation: Why are TVs so cheap now? Well, your smart TV is watching you and making extra money, too (2019, February 22) retrieved 17 July 2019 from https://phys.org/news/2019-02-tvs-cheap-smart-tv-extra.html That’s why the prices of TVs have fallen so dramatically over the last five years.A mix of lower LCD prices, more intense competition and new ways to profit off the consumer once the set enters our homes have turned the boob tube into something more like a razor. And we, the viewers, are the razor blades.Bill Baxter, the Chief Technology Officer for TV set giant Vizio, referred to it as the “post-purchase monetization” of the TV on a recent podcast interview with the Verge.Translated, that means that more ads are coming at you via prominent branded movie and TV channels on smart TVs. These channels share ad revenues with set manufacturers like Vizio, Samsung, LG, an avenue that didn’t exist in the pre-streaming era. They also profit by selling data of your viewing histories to programmers and marketers.The manufacturers have been tracking viewers on smart TVs for several years, but it wasn’t until 2017 and beyond that more consumers started buying smart sets, which negate the need for a streaming device like a Roku or Fire Stick to bring in online entertainment from the likes of Netflix and Hulu.Today, virtually all TVs sold today are smart TVs, says Steve Koenig of the Consumer Technology Association.So what’s new, and helping manufacturers make money off us once the TV enters our home, is the rise of ad-supported streaming channels that share ad revenues with the likes of Vizio, Samsung and LG, and get prominent positions on the smart TV dial.—On Vizio TVs, the “Watch Free TV,” channel on its smart TV sets is actually the same Pluto TV channel seen on streaming players, computers and mobile devices.—Rival Xumo has a similar arrangement, called Channel Plus on LG sets.—Tubi is on Samsung TVs and Xumo on Panasonic, Sanyo and Sharp sets.—Streaming player maker Roku has its own arrangement with TCL, which sells Roku branded sets, where it offers the Roku Channel.The Roku channel is similar to Xumo, Tubi and Pluto in offering ad-supported older movies and TV shows, for free, as an alternative to all those internet streaming channels that charge a monthly subscription. Being on smart TVs is “great for us,” says Pluto CEO Tom Ryan. “The hardware companies, in their quest for higher margins, are looking to content and services to get more revenue. We’ve got it.”TVs have historically been a cutthroat, low-margin business, hence all those Black Friday deals of large-screen sets going out the door for $300 to $400. We found a 43-inch TCL Smart TV with 4K resolution at Target this month for $250.The wholesale price for an average 50-inch set has fallen to $335, from $589 in 2013, according to the CTA.Once “smart TVs” began to become popular, manufacturers saw a new opportunity in treating the set as a “glass window” to our viewing habits and reporting them to marketers for a fee, in a process called Automatic Content Recognition or ACR.In 2017, Vizio settled with the Federal Trade Commission and New Jersey’s attorney general office for $2.2 million, when it was charged with collecting data without the consent of users.Now, Vizio, which continues to collect data, has users opt-in. “Unless you turn off ACR collection in the Settings menu, we may share viewing data with data partners, including analytics companies, media companies and advertisers,” Vizio tells viewers in the settings menu.The manufacturers say what they’re doing is no different from what Nielsen has done for years. They monitor your viewing to determine the hits and they say they do it anonymously. (Of course, with Nielsen, the process of signing up and participating is a great deal more obvious and visible.)As Inscape Data Services, the wholly-owned subsidiary of TV set manufacturer Vizio says on its website that it collects data without “personally identifiable information (PII),” to identify “what show is being watched and what IP address the device is connected to.”Justin Brookman, the director of privacy and tech policy for nonprofit consumer advocacy organization Consumer Reports, doesn’t buy it.”There’s no such thing as anonymous tracking,” he says. “They have ways…to tie them to your TV.”If “I Spy TV” sounds creepy, well, how about those other tech devices in your home?”This pales in comparison,” says Jodie McAfee, a senior vice-president of Inscape, which collects data from over 10 million Vizio smart TVs. “What a TV is generating on data is not nearly as granular. It just knows what shows I’m watching and whether the ad is being viewed.”Compare that to a smartphone, which tracks your every move in the house, both physically and on the device. It knows what websites you’ve been to, who you called and texted with, what products you purchased, and if you turned on Facebook or signed into Google, your age, demographic, salary and more.Unlike other devices, smart TVs haven’t been affected by the Trump administration’s trade war with China, where most of the sets are made, says Steve Koenig of the CTA.”Car audio has been hit, but smart home products haven’t been,” he says. “We believe tariffs are a tax on products, and don’t want to see them in any form.”Meanwhile, back in the living room, McAfee insists that ACR tracking can help consumers by finding better recommendations. “It improves the viewing experience,” he says.And if you don’t want your viewing tracked, viewers can go to the menu settings and turn off ACR (which is supposed to be off by default anyway.) Or, they can go a few steps further and turn the Wi-Fi off on the set altogether. Credit: CC0 Public Domain Explore further This document is subject to copyright. Apart from any fair dealing for the purpose of private study or research, no part may be reproduced without the written permission. The content is provided for information purposes only. (c)2019 USA TodayDistributed by Tribune Content Agency, LLC. How to see thousands of streaming movies and TV shows for freelast_img read more

Emoji gods approve skintone options for couples of color

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first_imgIn the world of emojis, interracial couples had virtually no options in terms of skin tone. But the emoji gods, otherwise known as the Unicode Consortium, recently rectifed that, approving 71 new variations. Using six skin tones already available for one-person emojis, vendors such as Apple, Google and Microsoft will now be able to offer couples of color. This undated illustration provided by Tinder/Emojination shows new variations of interracial emoji couples. In the world of emojis, interracial couples had virtually no options in terms of skin tone. But the emoji gods, otherwise known as the Unicode Consortium, recently rectified that, approving 71 new variations. Using six skin tones already available for one-person emojis, vendors such as Apple, Google and Microsoft will now be able to offer couples of color. Additions are expected later this year. (Tinder/Emojination via AP) © 2019 The Associated Press. All rights reserved. The additions are expected later this year. The effort was spearheaded by the dating app Tinder, starting a year ago. Technically, the emojis involved are referred to as two people “holding hands. A new “gender-inclusive” couple emoji was also approved among 230 new characters.The skin tones will be available for vendors to incorporate into their keyboards and on their platforms for both same-sex and mixed-gender couple emojis. Female doctors, scientists, welders among 11 new emojiscenter_img Citation: Emoji gods approve skin-tone options for couples of color (2019, March 8) retrieved 17 July 2019 from https://phys.org/news/2019-03-emoji-gods-skin-tone-options-couples.html This document is subject to copyright. Apart from any fair dealing for the purpose of private study or research, no part may be reproduced without the written permission. The content is provided for information purposes only. Explore furtherlast_img read more

Amazon invests in British food courier Deliveroo

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first_imgUS online titan Amazon has taken a stake in Deliveroo, the British food delivery company said on Friday. Citation: Amazon invests in British food courier Deliveroo (2019, May 17) retrieved 17 July 2019 from https://phys.org/news/2019-05-amazon-invests-british-food-courier.html UK union loses challenge to Deliveroo over drivers’ status Amazon is the single largest investor in a $575-million (514-million-euro) financing round, Deliveroo said in a statement.Other participants include existing Deliveroo investors T Rowe Price, Fidelity Management and Research Company, and Greenoaks.”This new investment will help Deliveroo to grow and to offer customers even more choice, tailored to their personal tastes, offer restaurants greater opportunities to grow and expand their businesses, and to create more flexible, well-paid work for riders,” said Deliveroo founder and CEO Will Shu.”Amazon has been an inspiration to me personally and to the company, and we look forward to working with such a customer-obsessed organisation.”This is great news for the tech and restaurant sectors, and it will help to create jobs in all of the countries in which we operate.”The latest funding round takes the total amount that Deliveroo has raised thus far to $1.53 billion.Since its London launch in 2013, Deliveroo has expanded into 500 towns and cities across Europe, Asia, Australia and the Middle East.Doug Gurr, Amazon UK Country manager, said that the group was “impressed” with the approach of London-headquartered Deliveroo.”Will and his team have built an innovative technology and service, and we’re excited to see what they do next,” he added. Investors, including Amazon, have delivered more cash to Deliveroo to help it fetch meals for clients in more citiescenter_img Explore further © 2019 AFP This document is subject to copyright. Apart from any fair dealing for the purpose of private study or research, no part may be reproduced without the written permission. The content is provided for information purposes only.last_img read more

Opposition slams Uttar Pradesh govt over law and order

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first_img Next Nelanshu Shukla LucknowJuly 16, 2019UPDATED: July 16, 2019 19:46 IST Uttar Pradesh Chief Minister Yogi Adityanath (File Photo)HIGHLIGHTSOm Mishra, a VHP leader, was gunned down in Pratapgarh on Monday morningIn Ayodhya, SP leader Akhilesh Yadav was shot dead in the Maharajganj area on July 15Samajwadi Party, Congress and Pragatisheel Samajwadi Party have criticised UP governmentThe opposition parties have accused the Yogi Adityanath government of failing to curb lawlessness in Uttar Pradesh after a Vishwa Hindu Parishad (VHP) and a Samajwadi Party (SP) leader were shot dead in two separate incidents in Pratapgarh and Ayodhya respectively.Thirty-eight-year-old Om Mishra, VHP president of the Kunda tehsil and a lawyer by profession was gunned down in Pratapgarh on Monday morning when he was riding his motorbike.Immediately after the incident, local lawyers and residents carried out a protest demanding action against the accused.The police have registered an FIR and efforts are being made to arrest the perpetrators who have still not been identified.Meanwhile, the superintendent of police (SP) of Pratapgarh has been attached to the director general of police’s office. Senior Superintendent of Police Special Task Force (SSP STF) Abhishek Singh has been made police chief of the district.In Ayodhya, local SP leader Akhilesh Yadav was shot dead in the Maharajganj area on July 15 while on his way to the gym. His family members have blamed three local people responsible for the incident.Local SP workers also staged a protest outside the district hospital demanding action and claimed that the murder took place due to political vendetta.Speaking to the media, SP leader and former state minister Tej Narain Pandey said, “There is jungle raj in UP and our party workers are being killed across the state. We demand strict action against those responsible for the murder.”Superintendent of Police (SP) Ayodhya Vijay Pal Singh said: “Crime has been committed by bike-borne assailants. Immediately after the incident Akhilesh was taken to the hospital where he succumbed to his injuries. Investigation is on.”Voices of protestSpeaking to India Today TV, UP Congress leader Dwijendra Tripathi said “UP CM says that criminals have disappeared from the state after the police started carrying out encounters but the situation is completely different. Lawlessness is increasing everyday and cops are failing to take action against the perpetrators. People are being killed mercilessly in broad day light and those responsible for such crimes are being given a free hand by the government.”Pragatisheel Samajwadi Party (PSP) leader CP Rai said, “Increasing incidents of crime against women and young children is a major concern and now people are being murdered on streets. The government and top police officers only make tall claims of taking strict action against the criminals but nothing is being done on the ground. “Responding to the opposition, state cabinet minister and government spokesperson Srikant Sharma said “In both Pratapgarh and Ayodhya, the police have formed teams to nab the perpetrators and soon they will be behind bars. Our government will not tolerate any criminal activity. We will continue to take action against those taking law in their hands.”ALSO READ | Lucknow: UP law panel recommends life term for mob lynching crimesALSO WATCH | Mayawati brings back Jai Shri Ram debate, says take action against those forcing people to chant religious slogansFor the latest World Cup news, live scores and fixtures for World Cup 2019, log on to indiatoday.in/sports. Like us on Facebook or follow us on Twitter for World Cup news, scores and updates.Get real-time alerts and all the news on your phone with the all-new India Today app. Download from Post your comment Do You Like This Story? Awesome! Now share the story Too bad. Tell us what you didn’t like in the comments Posted bySnigdha Choudhury Opposition slams Uttar Pradesh govt over law and orderTwo leaders were killed on Monday raising questions over the law and order situation in Uttar Pradesh.advertisementlast_img read more