Category: kluzdotc

Floyd Mayweather clobbers Japanese kickboxer for TKO win

No Comments

first_imgPhivolcs: Slim probability of Taal Volcano caldera eruption US boxing legend Floyd Mayweather Jr (L) knocks down Kickboxer Tenshin Nasukawa of Japan (C) during their exhibition match at Saitama Super Arena in Saitama on December 31, 2018. – Floyd Mayweather beat Japanese kickboxing phenomenon Tenshin Nasukawa by a technical knock-out in the first round of a New Year’s Eve “exhibition” bout that brought the US boxing superstar out of retirement. (Photo by Toshifumi KITAMURA / AFP)Floyd Mayweather beat Japanese kickboxing phenomenon Tenshin Nasukawa by a technical knockout on Monday in the first round of a New Year’s Eve “exhibition” bout that brought the US boxing superstar out of retirement.Mayweather floored Nasukawa, a kickboxer less than half his age, three times in the first round of the three-round contest before the Japanese fighter’s trainer rushed in to stop the fight.ADVERTISEMENT Pacquiao takes another swipe at Mayweather over exhibition match KO PLAY LIST 01:16Pacquiao takes another swipe at Mayweather over exhibition match KO00:44Manny Pacquiao on Floyd Mayweather: Let him enjoy retirement02:11For relaxed Mayweather, Japan fight ‘all about entertainment’02:14Carpio hits red carpet treatment for China Coast Guard02:56NCRPO pledges to donate P3.5 million to victims of Taal eruption00:56Heavy rain brings some relief in Australia02:37Calm moments allow Taal folks some respite03:23Negosyo sa Tagaytay City, bagsak sa pag-aalboroto ng Bulkang Taal01:13Christian Standhardinger wins PBA Best Player award No.13 lucky for Orlando Bloom Nadine Lustre’s phone stolen in Brazil After winning title, time for LA Tenorio to give back to Batangas folk LATEST STORIES Don’t miss out on the latest news and information. Lights inside SMX hall flicker as Duterte rants vs Ayala, Pangilinan anew ‘Mia’: Rom-com with a cause a career-boosting showcase for Coleen Garcia View comments Sports Related Videospowered by AdSparcRead Next MOST READ Ginebra beats Meralco again to capture PBA Governors’ Cup title Gretchen Barretto’s daughter Dominique graduates magna cum laude from California college Japeth Aguilar embraces role, gets rewarded with Finals MVP plum The American boxer at first appeared not to be taking the fight seriously, grinning at his opponent and aiming only soft punches at him.But he then demonstrated his power, launching a series of jabs and hooks to the head of the 20-year-old Japanese fighter, sending him to the canvas after just one minute.FEATURED STORIESSPORTSGinebra beats Meralco again to capture PBA Governors’ Cup titleSPORTSJapeth Aguilar wins 1st PBA Finals MVP award for GinebraSPORTSGolden State Warriors sign Lee to multiyear contract, bring back ChrissSensing his opponent was struggling, Mayweather stepped in for the kill, unleashing a flurry of punches that left Nasukawa reeling again within just two minutes of the bout and facing his second standing count.With the Japanese fighter clearly struggling to stay on his feet, the trainer rushed in and stopped the fight with just one minute of the first round remaining. The 41-year-old Mayweather carried a more than 4kg (9lb) weight advantage into the ring.The rules were very strictly defined: three, three minute bouts and boxing only — kickboxer Nasukawa was reportedly facing a $5 million fine if he aimed a kick at Mayweather.There were no judges, with only a knockout or technical knockout considered a victory in the bout, promoted as a pure exhibition match.Crucially, the match did not feature on the record of either man, allowing them both to retain a cherished unbeaten record.ADVERTISEMENT Donnie Nietes captures 4th world title after split decision winlast_img read more

Lakers to visit China for NBA pre-season games against Nets

No Comments

first_imgLATEST STORIES Tom Brady most dominant player in AFC championship history Ginebra beats Meralco again to capture PBA Governors’ Cup title “These games are the pillars of our efforts to bring authentic NBA action to our Chinese fans,” NBA China chief executive officer Derek Chang said.Sports Related Videospowered by AdSparcRead Next Rio robber’s bloody mistake mugging a female MMA fighter Gretchen Barretto’s daughter Dominique graduates magna cum laude from California college MOST READ Carpio hits red carpet treatment for China Coast Guard PLAY LIST 02:14Carpio hits red carpet treatment for China Coast Guard02:56NCRPO pledges to donate P3.5 million to victims of Taal eruption00:56Heavy rain brings some relief in Australia02:37Calm moments allow Taal folks some respite03:23Negosyo sa Tagaytay City, bagsak sa pag-aalboroto ng Bulkang Taal01:13Christian Standhardinger wins PBA Best Player award Japeth Aguilar wins 1st PBA Finals MVP award for Ginebra In fight vs corruption, Duterte now points to Ayala, MVP companies as ‘big fish’ Philippine Army to acquire MANPADS, self-propelled howitzers View comments Don’t miss out on the latest news and information. LeBron James #23 of the Los Angeles Lakers enters the game against the Brooklyn Nets during their game at the Barclays Center on December 18, 2018 in New York City. Al Bello/Getty Images/AFPThe LeBron James-led Los Angeles Lakers are set to play NBA pre-season games in China next October, facing the Brooklyn Nets in Shanghai and Shenzhen, the league announced Monday.The 13th edition of NBA China Games will mark the 27th and 28th league contests in the nation since 2004, with the Lakers and Nets meeting October 10 at Shanghai and October 12 at Shenzhen.ADVERTISEMENT Nadine Lustre’s phone stolen in Brazil Will you be the first P16 Billion Powerball jackpot winner from the Philippines? Ginebra beats Meralco again to capture PBA Governors’ Cup title James, who left the Cleveland Cavaliers last July to join the Lakers, is averaging 27.3 points, 8.3 rebounds and 7.1 assists a game this season. The Lakers, 21-19, are eighth in the Western Conference this season.The Nets, seventh in the NBA Eastern Conference on 20-21 at mid-season, will make their third trip to China after games in Beijing and Guangzhou in 2010 while based in New Jersey and in Beijing and Shanghai in 2014.“It’s an honor to help celebrate basketball’s growth abroad and represent Brooklyn and the League on an international stage,” Nets guard Caris LeVert said. “The Nets have a connection to fans all over the world and I’m thrilled to have the opportunity to visit China and play for our passionate Chinese fans for the very first time.”The Nets are owned by Russian billionaire Mikhail Prokhorov and Taiwanese-Canadian billionaire Joe Tsai, executive vice chairman of China-based e-commerce giant Alibaba.The league will conduct a day of fan activities as well as community outreach events in Shanghai and Shenzhen.ADVERTISEMENT It will mark the second appearance in China for the Lakers, who played pre-season games at Beijing and Shanghai in 2013.“The entire Los Angeles Lakers organization is excited to return to China to play in front of the passionate Chinese fans,” Lakers forward Kyle Kuzma said.FEATURED STORIESSPORTSGinebra beats Meralco again to capture PBA Governors’ Cup titleSPORTSJapeth Aguilar wins 1st PBA Finals MVP award for GinebraSPORTSGolden State Warriors sign Lee to multiyear contract, bring back Chriss“During my visit to China, I was absolutely amazed by the fans’ love and excitement for the game of basketball… I know the atmosphere at the games will be great.”The Lakers feature four-time NBA Most Valuable Player James, who has played in the past eight NBA Finals.last_img read more

First Nations businesses connecting with LNG-Buy BC program

No Comments

first_imgThe LNG-Buy BC workshop, the primary focus of the conference, will outline what is required for businesses looking to qualify for major projects.“The development of an LNG industry will quite likely be the single largest investment in the history of British Columbia,” writes LNG-Buy BC advocate and presenter Gordon Wilson. “The opportunities will extend well beyond business into communities providing lasting benefits for decades to come.”An Aboriginal Business and Investment Council booth will also be featured – demonstrating economic activities initiated by First Nations through a single source information database.- Advertisement -“We’re looking forward to connecting with participants,” writes chair of the ABIC Ellis Ross. “We’re also eager to see First Nations businesses, both small and large, learn about how they can get involved with the wealth of LNG-related business that’s coming to northern British Columbia.”B.C. has an estimated 2,933 trillion cubic feet of natural gas it hopes will contribute to an LNG industry, according to the province.last_img read more

Ghana football execs allegedly caught on video taking bribes

No Comments

first_imgOther Ghana FA executives were also filmed accepting bribes influencing player selection for various national teams, an AFP correspondent said.And 15 referees were even caught on camera allegedly accepting just $100 (85 euros) to rig Ghana Premier League matches — with their assistants taking $50.The project is the result of two years work by an undercover investigative journalist who goes by the pseudonym Anas Aremeyaw Anas, who is known for previously exposing graft in Ghana’s judiciary.The documentary shows Nyantakyi proposing journalists posing as investors pay him $11 million to help grease the palms of key government officials to secure contracts.During several meetings in Dubai, Nyantakyi also suggested setting up an agency that would broker a sponsorship deal for the Ghana Premier League.The deal discussed on camera was to be worth $5 million per year for five years, and as part of the agreement the Ghana FA was to pay a fee of 20 to 25 percent to the agency set up by Nyantakyi.Ghanaian police had already opened an investigation into the GFA head after President Nana Akufo-Addo complained that Nyantakyi had “used the president’s name and office fraudulently”.Nyantakyi was then questioned by police and released pending further investigation.Journalist Anas, who keeps his identity a closely guarded secret, earlier in the week vowed to carry on his undercover work despite receiving death threats over his latest expose.“I am not scared and I will not be intimidated. I’m keeping my focus and will not be distracted,” Anas Aremeyaw Anas told AFP earlier in the week, stating that his work was “in the interest of the nation”.0Shares0000(Visited 1 times, 1 visits today) 0Shares0000Other Ghana FA executives were also filmed accepting bribes influencing player selection for various national teams, an AFP correspondent said.ACCRA, Ghana, June 7 – An explosive documentary has rocked Ghana’s football association, showing executives including the organisation’s head allegedly proposing bribes worth millions of euros.Ghana Football Association president Kwesi Nyantakyi was caught suggesting lucrative deals to undercover journalists posing as “investors” in the film “Number 12”, which was shown Wednesday at a preview attended by diplomats and politicians in the capital Accra.last_img read more

SADNESS YET RELIEF AS COMMUNITY BRINGS HOME ONE OF ITS OWN

No Comments

first_imgCarrick was a community in grief last night after a ten day search finally brought home one of its own.There was huge sadness across the village but also relief as the body of David Maguire, 38, was finally found to be brought back to his family.One of the biggest ever searches in living memory ended when the body of the father-of-two, missing since New Year’s Day, was found at Kilbeg in Kilcar. The search had brought together the emergency services and voluntary agencies who put their lives on the line each day for the sake of others.A number of agencies including the Civil Defence, the Donegal Mountain Rescue Team, the Coast Guard and the Gardai returned day after day to search for David.An inspiring part of the search operation was the number of local people who volunteered their time in a bid to find one of their own community.DMRT spokesman Joseph Brennan spoke of the common goal shared by all agencies in their effort to locate David. He described the huge operation as the biggest he had encountered in his six years with the DMRT.But it was not just voluntary agencies from Donegal who helped searched for David.Members of Donegal Civil Defence thanked their members who traveled from Leitrim to take part in the operation.It was Civil Defence minibuses which were used to transport searchers to various search areas, while Donegal Civil Defence Radio Controller was used in the incident room to assist in the co-ordinating of the teams on the ground.It was such co-operation between these voluntary agencies which helped to bring out a successful conclusion to this search and bring David’s family some comfort during this time of utter sadness. Such agencies deserve all the public and Government support they get in their service to the hundreds of families they come into contact with across Donegal and Ireland each year.SADNESS YET RELIEF AS COMMUNITY BRINGS HOME ONE OF ITS OWN was last modified: January 12th, 2015 by StephenShare this:Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window)Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window)Click to share on LinkedIn (Opens in new window)Click to share on Reddit (Opens in new window)Click to share on Pocket (Opens in new window)Click to share on Telegram (Opens in new window)Click to share on WhatsApp (Opens in new window)Click to share on Skype (Opens in new window)Click to print (Opens in new window)Tags:CarrickCivil DefenceDavid Maguiredonegalkilcarsearchlast_img read more

VIDEO: Stoke City midfielder Xherdan Shaqiri scores SCREAMER for Switzerland

No Comments

first_imgXherdan Shaqiri is no stranger to scoring a spectacular goal.The Stoke City midfielder has struggled for consistency during his time in England, but Potters fans have plenty of quality moments to look back on.And the 25-year-old showcased his undoubted ability on Thursday night by scoring the winner in Switzerland’s 1-0 international friendly win over Belarus.Following a hurried clearance, Shaqiri composed himself from around 25-yards out before taking aim for the opposition’s net.It’s safe to say he found his target…. It’s safe to say he found his target…. 1last_img

STARS TO BRING SAM MAGUIRE TO WORLD RECORD ATTEMPT AT O’DONNELL PARK

No Comments

first_imgRory Kavanagh, Kevin Rafferty and Frank McGlynn will be at O’Donnell Park this Saturday for a GAA World Record Attempt.The All-Ireland heroes will be bringing along the Sam Maguire for the occasion.Children and adults from throughout the county are invited to the event which is an attempt to have the largest ever GAA coaching session. The day is also packed with fun activities for all the kids.Full Details are below:World Record Attempt for largest G.A.A Coaching Session Ever heldDetails for World Record Attempt Saturday 29th September 2012 11am: Gates open●One gate will be for registered schools only (ie: Pre signatured and pre paid children of event) Children will be told what zone to go to for the event as they come through turnstile.●2  X gates for non-registered people.All persons entering this turnstile will obtain their stick on numbers and can sign the official attendance sheet at other side of turnstile. Participants will be told what zone to go to for event at turnstile.●We are asking adults to put in a voluntary donation to cash buckets on turnstile and for children to pay a nominal amount too on turnstile.  12 noon: Record attempt begins and a hooter will sound.All persons will take part in skills of Gaelic Football, Hurling and Camogie for 45 minutes and a hooter will sound to officially end the World Record Attempt.12.45pm: All participants will come around to main stand for an official photograph.1pm: Sam Maguire will be led out onto main pitch by Rory Kavanagh, Kevin Rafferty and Frank Mc Glynn. Few short speeches will take place. 1.20pm: Novelty Races and BBQ, Face painting and photographs for Sam will take place then** Please note it is only photographs that players will remain sitting for, in tunnel area of stand and please co-operate with stewards as the players have had a very long week and are happy to remain for photo’s as long as it is in an orderly fashion. Queues for face painting and BBQ and shop will similarly run and ask all participants to respect this.2.30pm: Sam will leave O’Donnell Park.Medals for winners of races will be presented to all children as races happen.Races @ 1.20pmSack Races3 legged RacesEgg and Spoon RacesWheelbarrow races 100m sprintPuck FadaPenalty shootouts All races  will be at U-6, U-8, U-10, U-12, U-14, U-16 and minor level.Children to stand at their age group sign and await starter’s orders.STARS TO BRING SAM MAGUIRE TO WORLD RECORD ATTEMPT AT O’DONNELL PARK was last modified: September 28th, 2012 by BrendaShare this:Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window)Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window)Click to share on LinkedIn (Opens in new window)Click to share on Reddit (Opens in new window)Click to share on Pocket (Opens in new window)Click to share on Telegram (Opens in new window)Click to share on WhatsApp (Opens in new window)Click to share on Skype (Opens in new window)Click to print (Opens in new window)last_img read more

Stephen and Ayesha Curry’s 13-month-old son tells ‘haters’ to go ‘bye’

No Comments

first_imgCanon Curry may only be 13 months old, but he’s learning what has become a specialty of his famous parents, Stephen and Ayesha Curry: how to go on social media and clap back at “haters.”In a video posted to Ayesha Curry’s Instagram account, Canon squealed “bye” when his mother asked, “What do we say to haters?”The celebrity chef and restaurateur wrote to her 6 million followers in a caption, “He get it from his daddy.” Ayesha Curry added, “I love my boyssss!!!!”The Golden State Warriors …last_img

Aveda Be Curly Curl Enhancer 200ml : CURLS WITHOUT THE CRUNCH!!!

No Comments

first_imgThis is by much the ideal product i’ve at any time made use of for curly hair – and think me i have utilized them all. As with all hair merchandise i have acquired the difficult way that ‘less is more’, so a 20p dimensions functions most effective for medium/shoulder size hair if you want to prevent the ‘crispy’ result. I’ve uncovered it operates finest on soaked hair, then wrap up in a towel (micro towels are terrific as super absorbent) for a couple of minutes, shake out, scrunch a little bit and then leave nicely by yourself if you have bought the time usually use a diffuser on a quite reduced placing (i use the cheapest setting on a blow heater at head top). Check out and resist the urge to fiddle with your hair because the a lot more you contact it the additional you disturb the hair shafts and the little bits adhere up in its place of lying flat, which make your curls conclude up searching frizzy. It is expensive but worth it since it lasts for ages. Oh, and as with all aveda solutions, it smells divine.Wonderful product or service for curly hair. This is a incredible product or service it enhances my curly hair by retaining the curl definition without having building my hair come to feel stiff or crunchy. You only require a little volume and to refresh the products the up coming day just dampen your hair. It does what is claims on the label.Aveda Be Curly Curl Enhancer 200mlOriginal product. Free returnsBeen employing this product due to the fact it very first introduced and it is excellent for my curly hair, i discover it finest used on incredibly moist hair, i use an almond sizing sum on my extensive hair and enable hair dry normally, when it is dry (it will really feel marginally crunchy) i commence scrunching into curls and am left with gentle, fantastic curls.This things is certainly excellent. I have very long fine curly hair and have attempted loads of different creams in an attempt to find one that boosts my curls devoid of that awful ‘crunchy’ sensation that most of them are inclined to go away. This stuff leaves my curls outlined but still gentle and no crunchiness.I bought it with the design prep and i assume you truly need to have to use the two as i took just the curl enhancer on holiday and didn’t get as fantastic a result. They may appear to be high-priced but i acquired them each in march and wash my hair at the very least three situations 7 days and am just about down to the previous of the curl enhancer (lots of the style prep left so i consider it will be 1 design and style prep to just about every 2 curl enhancers).This merchandise is seriously superior and considering the fact that it is not quick to uncover, the fast service was fantastic.Aveda Be Curly Curl Enhancer 200ml : I have been using this product for several years now and really rate it. With natural curly hair this is how it works best for me. I use it with aveda ‘confixor’ (aveda confixor (250ml)) which should be applied after towel drying your hair and then gently combed or brushed through to make an even application. Next ‘ruffle’ your wet hair so that it does not remain wet and straight after the combing. I then apply ‘be curly’ when my hair is nearly ready for drying. Squeeze a toothpaste sized amount of be curly on to one palm, rub both palms together and then gently touch it in to your hair through your nearly dry curls. Dry using an alternate warm and cool hair dryer setting, (i’ve even hung upside down when my hair is longer) running your fingers through the curls and gently massaging your scalp in the warm air. If you don’t want to use a hair dryer or its warm summer time, make sure you finger dry your curls, again massaging your scalp and scrunching the curls. The best stuff i have located for curly hair, although pricey.I use a very little pea sizing on a little moist hair go away it in a bun more than evening and i have waves and volume that i never have. I have longish hair thats fairly slim and just hangs this has offered it some far more life.Excellant merchandise the very best just one i have applied for normally curly hair. Excellant solution the most effective a single i have employed for normally curly hair,not rigid or sticky just defines your curls and leaves them sensation pretty all-natural.Been applying this (alongside with the aveda’s confixor) on my curly hair for a variety of decades now, and it is really by significantly the very best solution mixture i’ve applied (and i’ve tried out a lot). Fantastic for defining the curls and finding rid of the frizz. When i acquired it, it was also more cost-effective than aveda’s web page (normally £18.Finally the merchandise i have been wanting for. It presents my 3a variety blonde hair robust, described and voluminous still soft curls – just what i want. Make certain you discover about ‘plopping’ (you will under no circumstances go back to employing a towel) and when your hair is however incredibly moist, apply this solution by scrunching it into your locks. Do not comb or rake it with your fingers. Now, using a diffuser with your head upside down, very carefully dry your hair so that it is probably 60-70% dry. Permit the rest of it dry by natural means, and check out how aveda presents you beautiful springy curls. For additional quantity, you can elevate your roots with clips and leave to dry.Wonderful products and quickly supply, rhanks.Does what it states and boosts curls properly. I get best outcomes if i only evenly dry with a hairdryer, then scrunch in some a lot more product or service and leave to dry the natural way. I do commonly have to use a serum to complete, so only awarded four* as it would be nice to have an all in a single product or service.Exceptional for enhancing curls on normal hair.Hello curl, goodbye frizz. . 1 of the very best hair goods i have uncovered. It brings out the curl with no the frizz.I really like this product, it allows to deliver out my curl sample. I discover it’s far better not to use as well considerably but i have wonderful curly hair so i have to be thorough not to weigh my hair down but if an individual with thicker curlier hair could use much more, a case of experimenting and discovering out what is greatest for yourself. I believe aveda’s merchandise for curly hair are very great.last_img read more

Is an Unvented Conditioned Attic a Good Way to Save Energy?

No Comments

first_img RELATED ARTICLES Ted Storm is in the midst of a construction project and at a point where he needs to make a decision about attic insulation. The unvented roof consists of standing-seam metal over synthetic felt and oriented strand board (OSB) sheathing. Both HVAC equipment and air ducts will be located in the attic of this house in Climate Zone 4.Three insulation contractors are unanimous in their recommendation to spray a 6-in. layer of open-cell foam on the bottom of the roof deck.While the advice is consistent, Storm is having second thoughts about his decision not to vent the roof.“I’m beginning (maybe a bit too late) to read about unvented roofs and I’m wondering if this is really the best option,” Storm writes in this Q&A post at GreenBuildingAdvisor. “If it isn’t ideal, are we too late to take another route, given our current progress?”That’s the subject of this week’s Q&A Spotlight. First, that’s not enough insulationArmando Cobo is the first to point out that 6 in. of open-cell foam is skimpy, even in the moderate temperatures of Climate Zone 4. The prescriptive requirements of the International Energy Conservation Code call for at least R-38 — and that, Cobo says, means at least 11 in. of open-cell foam. Are Solar-Powered Attic Ventilators Green?Creating a Conditioned AtticPrevent Ice Dams with Air Sealing and Insulation”Green Basics: Vented or Unvented Attic?It’s OK to Skimp On Insulation, Icynene says CONSTRUCTION DETAILS Our expert’s opinionHere’s how GBA technical director Peter Yost sees it:First, let’s get some terms and concepts defined, such as venting attics, venting roof framing assemblies, and venting roofs. I first wrote and then Joe Lstiburek edited this resource on the BSC website. Take a look for clarification on the three types of roof venting discussed below.Attic venting was invented (pardon the word choice) for cold climates, long before we really did much of any sort of air sealing or insulating at the ceiling plane, before we stuck HVAC equipment in attics, and before we had three different venting approaches to attics. Here is how I see it:We vent attic spaces because it is the cheapest way to introduce a lot of drying potential to the entire roof assembly.When we found the need to condition/use that triangular attic space, the next cheapest way to introduce air flow and drying potential to the roof frame and sheathing was to vent the underside of the roof sheathing, ideally with soffit vents that communicate with ridge vents.Finally, when we decided that you could build roofs just like walls, we do those with no venting at all, all the time. But unfortunately, most roofs need a more forgiving moisture management approach than walls. So, just as we now back-vent wall claddings to increase the drying potential of wall assemblies, we quite often need to back-vent (air space topside of the structural roof sheathing) roof claddings to increase the drying potential of roof assemblies. It’s just more expensive to introduce back-venting to “unvented” roof assemblies (“hot” roofs), particularly when the roof cladding is the most common and least expensive one, three-tab asphalt shingles.I am convinced that in all but the driest climates, all wall and roof assemblies need some sort of free-draining vent space. And the drying accomplished by the venting has to be done for free, by the sun. No attic fans — they represent a mechanical solution to a design problem and more often than not, depressurize homes (see Are Solar-Powered Attic Ventilators Green?).In Ted Storm’s situation, I would suggest that Ted has to maintain drying potential to the interior, stick with an airtight, vapor-permeable cavity insulation (at least thick enough for IRC 2006), and if possible, vent the underside of his roof sheathing with soffit to ridge venting. If that is simply not feasible, Ted will have to make doubly sure that his roof cladding and flashing details are bombproof because his only drying potential is small and slow in either direction.center_img Would powered ventilation help?To David Gregory, a debate that pits vented attics against unvented attics seems “too polarized.”“It’s clear that having an attic that is only vented when the wind happens to be blowing is a liability — still hot in summer (though admittedly unclear net energy effect), but can pull conditioned air out of a not-well-air-sealed house,” he writes, “and is clearly a liability in winter (for energy and condensation issues).”What about installing two fans of equal capacity, he writes, one pulling air in and one exhausting air, and both connected to electrically driven dampers? The equipment would run only when necessary.“Moisture could be handled separately by a dehumidifier (but it seems that the only real moisture issue is from bathroom fans vented to the attic! Or other ceiling penetrations.) So the question should be the cost of a setup to vent when beneficial, vs. spending the money elsewhere. Any references? With costs?”The Rose/Gordon report suggests that ventilation in a mixed climate is a trade-off between summer savings and winter energy losses, Gregory says, while it’s a net energy loser in cold climates. Could you then surmise that in sunny, hot climates, ventilation would be a net winner?David Gregory’s proposed solutions carry a huge energy penalty, says Holladay, and are “wildly energy-intensive.”“It uses a lot of energy to solve an issue that probably isn’t even a problem (that is, regulating the temperature and RH of a volume of air that is OUTSIDE your home’s thermal envelope),” Holladay says. “Plenty of researchers have done a cost/benefit analysis on powered attic ventilators — and I’ll ignore your suggestion of running a dehumidifer outside of your home’s thermal envelope for the time being — and they all conclude that it takes more energy to run a powered attic ventilator than any conceivable energy savings.” Debating vented vs. non-vented atticsAlthough Cobo isn’t convinced that all attics should be unvented, conditioned spaces, he points to research by building scientists Bill Rose and Jeffrey Gordon suggesting the benefits of building that way are many. In wet, cold coastal climates, for example, Rose and Gordon found that attic ventilation results in higher sheathing moisture content, not less, and that ventilation makes the attic colder and wetter.In warm, humid climates, outside air is more humid than inside air, so attic venting tends to increase rather than decrease attic moisture levels.The difference in attic temperatures between a vented and unvented attic with R-30 insulation at the ceiling translates into “minuscule savings,” the pair said, adding, “No savings here have ever been measured. Usually there is a penalty with venting because venting causes greater air pulsing across the ceiling.” Building Plans for the Thermal Bypass Checklist“Your insulation contractors are planning to install only R-20 to R-22,” GBA senior editor Martin Holladay adds. “That’s not much. In fact, it doesn’t even meet the minimum code requirements (2006 IRC) for Climate Zone 4, which calls for at least R-38.“If you install less than the code minimum insulation,” Holladay says, “you will pay higher energy bills for as long as you own the building. Many builders prefer to exceed code minimum requirements.” Condensation is a potential problemHolladay writes that one advantage of vapor-permeable open-cell foam is that it would allow the sheathing to dry toward the interior. “In your climate, wintertime moisture accumulation due to diffusion from the interior shouldn’t be a problem,” he wrote. “However, there is always the possibility of a small roof leak, and drying to the interior is a (small) virtue.”Cobo isn’t so sure.He says he’s seen condensation under roof decking in Kansas and Missouri, both of which are in Climate Zone 4. He says Topeka, Kansas, and St. Louis, Missouri, can have colder average temperatures than New York City and Washington, D.C., and the same as Newark, Providence and Boston, all of which are in Climate Zone 5.A better way of insulating the roof would have been to add between 1 in. and 1 1/2 in. of rigid foam on top of the roof sheathing, along with the 5 1/2 in. of open-cell foam under the roof deck, to avoid condensation, Cobo says.last_img read more