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Mesospheric winds measured by MF radar with full correlation analysis: error properties and impacts on studies of wind variance

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first_imgThe mesosphere is one of the most difficult parts of the atmosphere to sample; it is too high for balloon measurements and too low for in situ satellites. Consequently, there is a reliance on remote sensing (either from the ground or from space) to diagnose this region. Ground-based radars have been used since the second half of the 20th century to probe the dynamics of the mesosphere; medium-frequency (MF) radars provide estimates of the horizontal wind fields and are still used to analyse tidal structures and planetary waves that modulate the meridional and zonal winds. The variance of the winds has traditionally been linked qualitatively to the occurrence of gravity waves. In this paper, the method of wind retrieval (full correlation analysis) employed by MF radars is considered with reference to two systems in Antarctica at different latitude (Halley at 76∘ S and Rothera at 67∘ S). It is shown that the width of the velocity distribution and occurrence of “outliers” is related to the measured levels of anisotropy in the received signal pattern. The magnitude of the error distribution, as represented by the wind variance, varies with both insolation levels and geomagnetic activity. Thus, it is demonstrated that for these two radars the influence of gravity waves may not be the primary mechanism that controls the overall variance.last_img read more

Ocean City Police Activity Report for Feb. 15 to 21

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first_imgFebruary 17, 2015: TuesdayCalls for service: 97Motor Vehicle Stops: 13Motor Vehicle Accidents: 0Property Checks: 20Alarms: 3The Police Department assisted with 22 fire and 4 EMS callsDomestic violence, 25th St., at 6:32pmVerbal, 1400 block Haven AVE., AT 10:49PM February 16, 2015: Monday Calls for service: 75Motor Vehicle Stops: 18Motor Vehicle Accidents: 0Property Checks: 28Alarms: 5The Police Department assisted with 14 Fire and 9 EMS callsLandlord/tenant dispute, 600 block Wesley Ave., at 10:40am February 19, 2015: ThursdayCalls for service: 110Motor Vehicle Stops: 19Motor Vehicle Accidents: 0Property Checks: 27Alarms: 1The Police Department assisted with 21 fire and 2 EMS callsDisorderly, 600 block Wesley Ave., at 8:44pm February 20, 2015: FridayCalls for service: 76Motor Vehicle Stops: 15Motor Vehicle Accidents: 1Property Checks: 24Alarms: 4The Police Department assisted with 12 fire and 4 EMS callsHarassment, 200 block West Ave., at 9:14amTheft, 1200 block West Ave., at 1:15pmWarrant, 300 block Bay Ave., one in custody, at 3:21pmMotor vehicle accident, 700 block West Ave., at 8:06pmDisorderly conduct, 200 block Simpson Ave., one in custody, at 11:47pm OCEAN CITY POLICE SUMMARIZED WEEK’S ACTIVITIESFebruary 15 – 21, 2015Calls for Service: 622Daily Average: 89 February 15, 2015: Sunday                                                Calls for service: 77Motor Vehicle Stops: 9Motor Vehicle Accidents: 0Property Checks: 19Alarms: 9The Police Department assisted with 10 Fire and 7 EMS callsCriminal mischief, 1400 block Haven Ave., at 3:23amWarrant, 3800 block West Ave., two in custody, at 9:45amWarrant, 600 block Wesley Ave., one in custody, at 2:34pm February 73, 2015: Saturday Calls for service: 73Motor Vehicle Stops: 25Motor Vehicle Accidents: 0Property Checks: 17Alarms: 5The Police Department assisted with 27 fire and 2 EMS callsShoplifting, 1200 block West Ave., at 8:54amVerbal, 600 block Asbury Ave., at 12:10pmWarrant, 800 block Central Ave., one in custody, at 7:00pmCDS, 900 block West Ave., one in custody, at 7:14pm February 18, 2015: WednesdayCalls for service: 114Motor Vehicle Stops: 15Motor Vehicle Accidents: 2Property Checks: 16Alarms: 6The Police Department assisted with 19 fire and 6 EMS callsMotor vehicle accident, 200 block 4th St., at 8:06amTheft, 400 block Central Ave., at 2:51pmFraud, 3700 block Westminster La., at 4:14pmMotor vehicle accident, 14th St. & West Ave., at 7:41pm PUBLIC SERVICE ANNOUNCEMENTS:Just a reminder that it is a violation of a City Ordinance to have dogs on the boardwalk anytime during the year.City Ordinance 87-17sec.4-32 prohibits any Boat/Trailer over 22 feet in overall length from being parked on a city street. Any boat/trailer less than 22 feet in overall length can only remain on a city street for three consecutive days. Officers will be issuing summons and towing boats/trailers for any observed violations. Ocean City Police Departmentlast_img read more

Bakels: new MD

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first_imgPaul Morrow, MD of British Bakels has appointed Ian Dobbie as new MD designate from October 1. Dobbie, who currently heads up the UK division of Delifrance, takes over full responsibility at Bakels from Jan 1. Morrow said: “Ian has more than 20 years experience in technical and commercial operations and general management roles in the baking industry. “He has a successful track record of growing a manufacturing business serving bakery, supermarket and foodservice customers. He is ideally equipped to lead British Bakels in the next stage of its development.” Paul Morrow will be moving up into a global role within Bakels, which operates worldwide, but will still be based in the UK.last_img

French bakery Ladurée opens new site in London

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first_imgFrench luxury bakery Ladurée has opened a new branch at The Royal Exchange in London.The boutique comprises a showroom on the first floor dedicated to its “special products and services”.Available for takeaway only, the offering includes its signature macarons, patisseries and cream tea, as well as homeware. It also provides a full concierge service for gifting, personalised macarons and special-order cakes. Personalisation options include handwritten calligraphy, tailoring the macarons or designing the box. Ladurée brand ambassadors can also host storytelling and macaron tastings, or champagne and macaron food pairing experiences, at private and corporate events.A click and collect service and local delivery, via platforms such as City Pantry, Uber Eats and Deliveroo, will be available soon.It is set to become the go-to outpost for gifting and concierge services for true gourmands, said the firm.Consumers will also be able to see vintage limited-edition boxes, including the collaboration with artist Marina Abramovic.With its headquarters in France, Ladurée has six UK locations in Burlington Arcade, Covent Garden, St Pancras, Harrods Food Hall and Selfridges Manchester and Birmingham.last_img read more

‘Smoke waves’ will affect millions in coming decades

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first_img“It hasn’t been well understood which populations will be most affected by the threat of air pollution from wildfires induced by climate change,” said Loretta J. Mickley, senior research fellow at the Harvard John A. Paulson School of Engineering and Applied Sciences (SEAS) and co-author of the paper. “If we can better predict, down to a county level, who will be most affected, the U.S. Forest Service can prioritize efforts to reduce wildfire risk, such as setting prescribed fires to clear out dry underbrush.”To identify the areas at highest risk, the team used a fire-prediction model and advanced atmospheric modeling to differentiate pollution caused by wildfires from other pollution sources and track the likely movement of smoke. The team coined a new term, “smoke wave,” to describe two or more consecutive days of unhealthy levels of PM2.5 from fires.The study found that across the western United States, climate change will likely cause smoke waves to be longer, more intense, and more frequent. Of the 561 counties studied, 312 are expected to have more intense smoke waves in the next 30 years.The team found that between 2004 and 2009, about 57 million people in the western United States experienced a smoke wave. Between 2046 and 2051, the team estimates that more than 82 million people will likely be affected, mostly in northern California, western Oregon, and the Great Plains, where fire fuel is plentiful.The team estimated that about 13 million more children and seniors — who are at higher risk for respiratory illness — will be affected by smoke waves than are today.“In the coming decades, we will be seeing the significant human health consequences from these extreme events in a changing climate,” said Jia Coco Liu, a recent Ph.D. graduate of the Yale School of Forestry and Environmental Studies and first author of the paper.But it’s not just the future that worries health officials.“Climate change is a public health crisis and it’s happening right now,” said Francesca Dominici, professor of biostatistics and senior associate dean for research at the Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health and co-author of the paper. “Asthmatic kids are going to the hospital today in California because of the smoke from wildfires. If we can figure out who is most at risk, we can start thinking about smoke evacuations and early alert systems for hospitals and local primary care physicians.” Related Wildfires projected to worsen with climate change Wildfires threaten more than land and homes. The smoke they produce contains fine particles (PM2.5) that can poison the air for hundreds of miles. Air pollution from the 2016 Fort McMurray fire in northern Alberta, Canada, sent people as far away as Michigan to the hospital with respiratory illnesses.As wildfires increase in frequency and severity due to climate change, more and more communities are at risk of prolonged exposure to harmful levels of smoke.Harvard University researchers, in collaboration with colleagues at Yale University, have created a watch list of hundreds of counties in the western United States at the highest risk of exposure to dangerous levels of pollution from wildfires in the coming decades. Among them, heavily populated counties such as San Francisco County, Calif., King County, Wash., Alameda County, Calif., and Contra Costa County, Calif., are projected to face the highest level of risk of wildfire smoke exposure in the coming decades.The research is described in the journal Climatic Change. By 2050, the U.S. wildfire season will be three weeks longer, up to twice as smoky last_img read more

GSD’s Forysth named editor of journal

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first_imgThe American Planning Association (APA), a membership and education organization with more than 40,000 members, and Harvard University Graduate School of Design (Harvard GSD), are very pleased to announce the selection of the new editor of the Journal of the American Planning Association (JAPA). Professor Ann Forsyth will begin her five‐year term on Jan. 1, 2019. Forsyth is currently professor of urban planning and director of the master in urban planning degree program at Harvard GSD.Forsyth’s selection is a fitting honor given the special history between JAPA and Harvard. It was at Harvard University that the nation’s first degree program in city and regional planning was established by Henry Vincent Hubbard, who was one of the founders of City Planning — JAPA’s precursor. Several of JAPA’s editors in prior decades have been Harvard GSD faculty.“Ann’s appointment is a recognition of her great contributions and dedication to the planning profession,” says Diane E. Davis, Charles Dyer Norton Professor of Regional Development and Urbanism and chair of the Department of Urban Planning and Design at Harvard GSD. “She has directed Harvard GSD’s urban-planning program with a steadfast commitment to the values of the field and with an eye to the most pressing urban-planning problems of our time. Over the years the editors of JAPA have helped steer this premier journal to engage in new dialogues across subfields, and it is this collaborative, cross-disciplinary spirit, embodied in the early years of the journal, that Ann’s professional work embodies and that she continues to advance at the GSD today. We are delighted and extremely proud that our colleague Ann Forsyth has been recognized with this important editorship.”Forsyth received her master’s degree in urban planning from the University of California, Los Angeles, and her Ph.D. in city and regional planning from Cornell University. She has been a faculty member at the University of Massachusetts, the University of Minnesota-Twin Cities, and Cornell University before joining Harvard GSD. Her research interests are mainly in the areas of healthy places with an emphasis on aging, innovative planning and design in suburban and metropolitan areas, and the connections between planning research and practice.“Professor Forsyth is a visionary among her peers in the planning profession, with an impressive record in both academia and professional practice,” said APA President and Chair of the JAPA Editor Search Committee Cynthia Bowen, FAICP. “I am excited about the future of JAPA under her leadership.”An APA member for more than three decades, Forsyth has also worked in the private sector in the U.S. and internationally as a planning consultant, with a focus on physical planning, citizen participation, healthy communities, and housing. She has been a frequent speaker at APA’s National Planning Conference, has served on APA task forces and advisory groups, and is the recipient of many academic and professional awards, fellowships, and honors.Forsyth succeeds outgoing editor Professor Sandra Rosenbloom of the University of Texas, Austin. Read Full Storylast_img read more

Lieutenant Governor Phil Scott to present ‘Green Restaurant’ award to the Wayside Restaurant in Montpelier

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first_imgLieutenant Governor Phil Scott will recognize the owners of the Wayside Restaurant in Montpelier in a “green restaurant” award presentation on Tuesday, May 3.Scott will join a representative from the Vermont Small Business Development Center in presenting an award to Wayside owners Brian and Karen Zecchinelli for becoming Vermont’s fifth “green restaurant.” An important part of this designation is the amount of local produce that goes into the menu at the Wayside. In recognition of this fact, a group of Central Vermont farmers will also be on hand at the event, which will run from 5:30 to 6:30 pm. The public is welcome to attend and stay for an a la carte dinner.”I congratulate the Zecchinellis for their commitment to helping their neighbors and reducing their environmental footprint,” Scott said. “The “Buy Local” movement is something I intend to promote as Lt. Governor. In addition to recognizing the Wayside, I also hope this event can kick off a spring and summer “Buy Local Tour” where I’ll be appearing at parades, fairs and farmers’ markets across the state to encourage more Vermonters to shop locally.”Scott entered a “Buy Local” group in the St. Albans Maplefest Parade earlier this month, and representatives of his office will also have a presence in the Rutland Loyalty Day Parade this coming Sunday. At each of these events, Scott has organized a group of local businesspeople to march behind a “Buy Local” banner. Scott intends to continue this theme at parades across the state this spring and summer.Soruce: Scott’s office. 4.28.2011last_img read more

A Common Threat

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first_img Southern Cone countries have realized that halting the drug flow through their territory begins with secure borders. As the shortest route between their cocaine-producing Andean neighbors and West Africa, a major conduit to the European drug market, the Southern Cone has increased as a transit point for shipping cocaine to consumer markets abroad. The illicit trade in turn threatens the local population with a growing sense of insecurity, the presence of criminal organizations and armed gangs, and as many as 2.4 million drug users on the continent, according to 2010 U.N. figures. “It is easier to secure drugs at the border than to secure drugs at the ports,” said Oslain Santana, coordinator of the counternarcotics unit of the Brazilian Federal Police, explaining that once drugs have entered the country, they are redistributed to numerous traffickers. Brazil increased the number of police officers by 90 percent between 2007 and 2010. In the past three to four years, Santana told Diálogo in an interview from Brasilia that new police officers spend their first tour assigned to the state of Amazonas, which borders Peru and Colombia. The country also increased its training and cooperation with Paraguay, Bolivia and Uruguay. In 2010, an agreement was signed with Colombia to allow an officer exchange program this year. Skills training with regional, European and U.S. officials takes place regularly in Brazil covering topics including money laundering, drug interdiction in ports and airports and use of canines. In Brazil, technological innovations have included electronic surveillance on the border, unmanned aerial vehicles and greater information sharing with international agencies such as Interpol, as well as internal intelligence gathering. Santana said that his nation’s collaboration with the U.S. government goes back 20 years. “We are very grateful in large part for the technology and investigation techniques used for drug interdiction,” he said. Santana added that while drug interdiction is primarily the responsibility of the Federal Police, informal relationships with the Brazilian military are vital for sharing logistical information and requesting assistance in the form of boats and helicopters to track down traffickers. Sean Waite, U.S. Drug Enforcement Administration, or DEA, country attaché in Chile, told Diálogo in an e-mail interview that larger scale trafficking is more common at the northern borders of Chile and through the ports of Arica and Iquique, near Peru and Bolivia. Some 40 percent of border drug seizures in 2010 also took place in Paso Los Libertadores according to the government; the pass is located directly east of the major port of Valparaiso on Chile’s border with Argentina and the largest access route to the capital of Santiago. The Chilean government announced in February 2011 an investment of $35 million for a new border complex, and 10,000 more Carabineros police to help fight narcotrafficking and organized crime, according to the Chilean government website, www.gob.cl. Chile has also increased surveillance of containers at its ports and upgraded border surveillance technology along its northern borders with Peru and Bolivia, including the use of unmanned aerial vehicles. Lucia Dammert, an analyst with the nongovernmental Global Consortium on Security Transformation in Santiago, said Chile has become part of the network of drug routes feeding consumer markets internally and in Brazil and Argentina. “It is important to recognize that this is a regional problem,” she said. Maritime trafficking hot spots have emerged in the border zones to the north of the country. “There are ports that receive much more transit of goods, much more transit of people, and in this, we can see a greater presence in drug trafficking,” she said. The Chilean police have also received training from a variety of sources, including the DEA Academy’s International Training Section, according to Waite. In 2009, Argentina identified dozens of illegal airstrips near its borders with Paraguay and Bolivia. New military radar stations were installed and legislation was enacted to allow for immediate information sharing between provincial and federal police forces, according to industry forecaster Global Insight. Drug violence Across the region, countries are noticing increases in violent crime associated with the drug trade. In Argentina, a triple murder in 2008 gripped the attention of Buenos Aires residents and drew notice to the violence associated with drug trafficking. Drug violence in Brazil is often associated with powerful gangs. “In this country, we have observed that violence is intimately connected to the trafficking of drugs,” said Santana, noting the relationship between arms trafficking and drug trafficking. Dammert believes that while Chile is not known for large scale drug seizures, the real threat in the country is the rise in violence and crime associated with drug consumption. “A significant percentage of crimes that take place in the country are done by people who are drug addicts, or who are looking for money to buy drugs, or by people who live in the world of trafficking,” she said, adding that a recent study by Fundacion Paz Ciudadana (Citizen Peace Foundation) in Santiago found that 80 percent of those detained had consumed drugs in the 24 hours prior to their arrest. “This is perhaps one of the top concerns in Chile, the increase in insecurity, or the feeling of safety,” Dammert said. By Dialogo April 01, 2011center_img Security experts acknowledged to Diálogo there is more to be done to combat this threat. Santana advocates regional cooperation through information sharing and training. “Brazil is encouraging information exchange,” he said, noting the DEA as an example for the region. “We are trying to apply the same policy with countries here in the Southern Cone with respect to producers of cocaine and marijuana.” Chile’s Dammert believes steps have been taken toward regional collaboration, but she said the road is still long, “Even if we do not have high levels of violence, we have to begin to review the best ways to prevent these groups from establishing themselves by strengthening the institutions of government and, above all, look at the role each country plays in the varied world of crime.”last_img read more

Dave Davies of The Kinks Invades Suffolk Theater

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first_imgSign up for our COVID-19 newsletter to stay up-to-date on the latest coronavirus news throughout New York Fueled by two brothers sharing a penchant for messy power chords and infectious melodies, English rockers The Kinks’ explosive, raw style and catchy tunes embody the spirit and dirty, jagged riffs that would inspire punk and heavy metal and revolutionize rock and roll.Formed in 1964, with a foundation in late ’50s R&B, brothers Ray and Dave Davies, Pete Quaife and Mick Avory branded their own form of traditional rock by tossing out the rule books and simply having fun. In turn, they influenced generations of bands and musicians and helped spawn the raw, visceral sounds of such musical deviants as the Ramones and Clash, Van Halen, Blur, Oasis, Green Day, Nirvana, and countless others.Their 1964 chart-topping single “You Really Got Me”—immediately recognizable by its quick succession of dissonant, choppy chords—led the charge. Described as “a love song for street kids” by the tune’s architect, The Kinks’ lead guitarist Dave Davies, the song dismantled the myth that only seasoned, well-trained musicians could achieve stardom and radio play, and went on to inspire legions throughout the decades to pick up a guitar and launch their own sonic revolutions—its simple structure and rough sound serving as the blueprint. It was aided by Davies’ slashing the amp cone with a razor blade.The Kinks became infamous components of the late wave of the British Invasion and recorded more than two dozen albums since their formation—at the center of it all resides the imaginative guitar work and craftsmanship of Dave Davies, who will be ripping through an unforgettable set of Kinks classics as well as his own solo efforts at Suffolk Theater in Riverhead on Saturday, April 22.Even if you don’t blatantly identify yourself as a fan, you know the songs: Besides “You Really Got Me,” the group’s ear candy arsenal includes “Tired of Waiting for You,” “All Day & All of the Night,” “Picture Book,” “Lola,” “Victoria,” and dozens of others. And don’t ever forget Dave Davies’ melancholy masterpiece, “Death of a Clown.”In 2003, Dave Davies was ranked 91st in Rolling Stone magazine’s list of the “100 Greatest Guitarists of All Time,” and for damn good reason. Do not miss out on this phenomenal chance to experience this Rock and Roll Hall of Famer and the supreme glory that is The Kinks in this extraordinary and intimate venue!Repeat: Don’t miss this gig!Featured Photo: Dave Davies, legendary guitarist for The Kinks, rocks Suffolk Theater in Riverhead on April 22! (Photo: Robert Loerzel via Dave Davies official Facebook profile)Dave Davies, lead guitarist for the legendary band The Kinks will be destroying Suffolk Theater, located at 118 East Main Street in Riverhead, on Saturday, April 22. Tickets are $49, $60 & $65. For more information about this amazing show and to purchase tickets, visit suffolktheater.com!last_img read more

Tech Time: Policies and vendors and staff! Oh, my!

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first_imgThe infamous Carbanak cybergang was uncovered in 2015 after its members had stolen more than $1 billion from over 100 banks worldwide. Notably, the group began each cyber-heist with a simple spear phishing attack aimed at individual employee computers.All it took for the heist to work was one employee clicking on an infected email link or attachment. This click would inject malware into that one computer which, in turn, infiltrated the internal network and installed information-gathering spyware on administrative computers. From there, it was relatively simple for the attackers to mimic the bank clerks’ activities, allowing them to hijack e-payment systems, inflate internal account balances and even program ATMs to dispense cash.Fiendishly clever? Yes. Surprisingly easy for the thieves to execute? Yes, again. Let’s look at some lessons your credit union can learn from such a simple but effective attack.We want to note that we believe in the points we are about to make in this article because we do them ourselves. At PSCU and its consulting group, Advisors Plus, we emphasize employee education, implement proper vendor controls and create easily understood information protection policies. Each of these has proven to be a cost-effective, common-sense way to protect information and financial assets. 12SHARESShareShareSharePrintMailGooglePinterestDiggRedditStumbleuponDeliciousBufferTumblr continue reading »last_img read more