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The King’s Speech. Watch What Else is Making News Other than the WiFi facilities, The skipper didn’t really get support from the other end as a lot of batsmen got starts but none of them were able to convert it into a big one.(SCORECARD IND vs NZ) India vs New Zealand Cricket Score and Updates: As it happened in Mumbai Toss Update:India won the toss and decided to bat against New Zealand at the Wankhede Stadium in Mumbai India Squad: Shikhar Dhawan Rohit Sharma Virat Kohli Dinesh Karthik Kedar Jadhav MS Dhoni Hardik Pandya Bhuvneshwar Kumar Kuldeep Yadav Jasprit Bumrah Yuzvendra Chahal New Zealand Squad: Martin Guptill Colin Munro Kane Williamson Ross Taylor Tom Latham Henry Nicholls Colin de Grandhomme Mitchell Santner Adam Milne Tim Southee Trent Boult For all the latest Sports News download Indian Express App IE Online Media Services Pvt LtdWritten by Santosh Mehrotra | Updated: December 5 2014 5:15 am Though the population that crosses over into the working-age group is growing it is doing so at a slowing pace India’s demographic dividend will end in 25 years at most Related News Howmany jobs must be created to realise our demographic dividend (or avoid a nightmare) Half of India’s population is below 25 The worst-case scenario is that enough jobs are not created for the millions entering the labour force each year and that this semi-educated mass becomes a force driving social conflict The reason that East Asian countries (especially China) rode the wave of the demographic dividend and dramatically reduced poverty is that they rapidly created jobs for those with education joining the labour force as well as those leaving agriculture for better opportunities in industry and services especially in export-oriented manufacturing But now that international demand has collapsed India will have to rely to a greater extent on domestic demand to create jobs Can the government’s “Make in India” programme lead to private industry and the service sector creating enough jobs to absorb those entering the labour force Fearmongers will tell you that 12 million persons are joining the labour force every year — or that one million entrants must be provided jobs every month ( that’s 30000 new jobs a day) This myth-creating number derives from a misinterpretation of the National Sample Survey (NSS) estimate that 60 million people entered the labour force in the first half of the last decade implying that the same number of people have been entering the labour force ever since This is the modern version of the earlier scare that “population growth will overwhelm India’s economic growth” Population growth has slowed to 14 per cent per year In fact the zero-six age population was not higher in 2011 than in 2001 The implication is that though the population that crosses over into the working-age group is growing it is doing so at a slowing pace India’s demographic dividend will end in 25 years at most So how many industrial and service-sector jobs need to be created every year over the eight year period 2011-12 (the year of the last NSS estimate) to 2019-20 (the terminal year of the new government’s tenure) To set the upper limit of the labour force size we assumed that the labour force participation rate of those with secondary-and-above education would instead of remaining the same increase by 5 percentage points In that case the size of the labour force would increase by about 636 million an average of 78 million per annum Providing employment to this number is achievable since in the period 2004-05 to 2011-12 75 million jobs were created in industry and services (the same as over 1999-2000 to 2004-05) The number of jobs that “Make in India” must create is nowhere close to the 1 million per month that scare-mongers are “warning” us about The demographic nightmare can be avoided provided the requisite number of jobs are created It has been done before The second point is that as young people get more educated they will not want to work in agriculture (currently the biggest employer — it engages half the workforce) They will want semi-skilled/ skilled jobs in construction which currently employs 12 per cent of the workforce and is exhibiting the fastest growth They will want jobs (casual regular or self-employment) in manufacturing or services So non-agricultural jobs must be created The third point is that a rising share of those educated at least up to the secondary level will be girls The labour force participation rate for women in India is one of the lowest in the world This is set to change provided appropriate non-agriculture jobs exist such as in garment manufacturing or modern services Is the government ready to create the enabling environment to meet the demand for such jobs The fourth point is that jobs have to be created not merely for those just joining the labour force but also for those leaving agriculture for better-paying construction-sector work For the first time in India’s economic history the absolute number of those in agriculture has been falling — since 2004-05 For the new NDA government this is a very different reality from the one it faced between 1999-2000 and 2004-05 when the absolute numbers in agriculture actually grew by 20 million — a retrogressive development Roughly five million people left agriculture for non-agri jobs during the UPA period Jobs will have to be created for such migrants However this last challenge is in some ways the easiest to address If investment in rural and urban infrastructure housing and rural public works is sustained the unskilled who leave agriculture will get absorbed in construction as they have been for the last decade or more But the first three challenges are much more serious especially if the new jobs are to be organised-sector formal jobs Are the government and the private sector ready The writer is professor at Jawaharlal Nehru University Delhi and author of ‘Policies toAchieve Inclusive Growthin India’ (forthcoming) [email protected] For all the latest Opinion News download Indian Express App More Related NewsLavish in his praise for centurion Virat Kohli Indian captain Mahendra Singh Dhoni said the swashbuckling batsman paced his knock very well while guiding India to what turned out to be a match-winning total against South Africa in the do-or-die fourth ODI here India rode on Kohli’s brilliant 138 to post 299 for eight and then restricted the visitors to 264 for nine despite a valiant ton by rival skipper AB de Villiers to win by 35 runs and level the five-match series 2-2 File picture of MS Dhoni AFP “Virat is someone always keen on improving his game Even when he would get out scoring a 60 or a 70 he wanted to convert it into a hundred The way he paced from 50 to 60 and then from 100 to 110 this is the bracket when most batsmen get out Once he crosses that mark he’ll always play a big innings because that’s his mindset” said Dhoni at the post-match press conference here last night Dhoni also praised Kohli for rotating the strike and putting pressure on the fielding side “He was rotating the strike really well Also the important thing is when you play such a long innings the middle overs — putting pressure on the fielders is the key” he said “If you can freely rotate.That’s one area where we have to improve as a team especially with the kind of reverse swing the opposition gets They can cramp us and have a fielder close to the umpire and mid-wicket If both batsmen can do it it eases off the pressure” he added Another player to get the captain’s applause was senior off-spinner Harbhajan Singh The tweaker finished with figures of two for 50 and Dhoni admitted that he eased the pressure on other bowlers “Our spinners bowled well and applied pressure Harbhajan bowled well in the powerplay and later He also did well in the middle overs He is someone who is very experienced He has done well in IPL also He has the experience and has been bowling well as of now” he said “We always assess bowling in terms of wickets But a lot of times especially being the wicketkeeper you have the advantage of seeing what a bowler is doing and how much he’s extracting from the wicket I feel he’s bowling really well” he added The skipper said while regular off-spinner R Ashwin was missed Harbhajan did a good job filling up for him “Yes losing Ashwin at the start of the series was a big blow In these conditions especially he’s our main bowler I can use him in the powerplay middle overs and slog overs It did put a bit of pressure on me but the way Harbhajan has bowled so far in the series has eased a bit of pressure I can use him in the first 10 and also in the end” Dhoni said On the variety of spin bowling in the Indian side Dhoni said “The variety is very good but you have to look at the batting at no 7 It sounds very good to play with five bowlers but you need to have someone who can bat at no 7 “If the opposition gets two wickets with the new ball then there is a lot of pressure on the middle order As I have been saying from the 40th to 50th over it’s not easy to just go in and slam the big shots and get 80-90 runs” Dhoni said it was good that middle-order batsman Suresh Raina returned to form before the last ODI “It was very important going into the last game to have batsmen who have scored runs Yes he made a few bad decisions (in previous games) when it comes to playing the shots If you go into bat in the last five overs you can’t expect to score a 50 But you can get 30 but to get that also one has to play 15 to 20 deliveries “He has to give himself that kind of time I felt in the games where he got the chance he had a bit more time He always played the big shot too early” he said “When it comes off it looks good but when it doesn’t there are a lot of people who criticise that Batting at 56 and 7 is not very easy At times the top-order will do the job but you will have to go in and play the big shots If you don’t people will be like ‘the platform was there he didn’t hit’ Now with the rule changes people will find it difficult to play the big shots” he explained Elaborating on the impact of new rules on a number six batsman Dhoni said: “If you are looking for a 15-ball 32 or 33 it will be very difficult You’ll see most of the sides saying that while chasing you should not have more than 65 or 70 runs in the last 10 overs But it may change It depends on the wicket and the amount of reverse swing the bowlers are getting or if the bowlers are not executing the plans well” “Considering the conditions and the wickets it is something that is working But it’s important to be ready with Plan B You don’t know how long it will work Batsmen too will try and get new ways of scoring runs and you won’t get the same amount of reverse swing or the ball won’t get scuffed up to the same extent All of a sudden when you play on a wicket with a bit more pace on smaller outfields the fast bowlers will find it tougher to use the same strategy” Dhoni added On whether turning tracks would be provided in the Test series considering South Africa’s performance in the fourth ODI Dhoni said “Irrespective of how we bat or how the opposition bats I’ve always said this.every place has its specialty When you come to the subcontinent or to India you expect turning tracks “People talk about sporting wickets this was a sporting wicket Who got wickets for them Their fast bowlers Who got wickets for us Our fast bowlers and our spinners At times in India people start rolling When they hear there’s a Test match the heavy roller comes on and it goes on for 15-20 days And then what happens is the toss becomes really crucial “A lot of times when we won Test matches they won the toss we got them out and we batted for a long period of time The only way we got the result was by getting them out PTI Washington/Hangzhou:A United States spy agency on Sunday apologised for a sarcastic tweet aimed at China over its treatment of American reporters who had travelled with President Barack Obama to cover the G20 meeting there “Classy as always China” the Defence Intelligence Agency tweeted on Saturday from its @DefenseIntel account Defense Intelligence Agency bringing the snark to China (screenshot in case it gets deleted) pictwittercom/N7a8OHbuly — Chris Brigham (@CJBrigham) September 3 2016 “Earlier today a tweet regarding a news article was mistakenly posted from this account and does not represent the views of DIA We apologise” CNN quoted the Pentagon-housed spy agency on Sunday as saying in a tweet Earlier today a tweet regarding a news article was mistakenly posted from this account & does not represent the views of DIA We apologize — DIA (@DefenseIntel) September 4 2016 The initial tweet which has since been deleted included a link to a New York Times report about a dust-up over security protocols at the tarmac when Obama landed in China — and later shouting matches between Chinese officials and Secret Service agents at the West Lake State House where Obama met Chinese President Xi Jinping CNN added The tiffs were largely over American journalists’ access to Obama Chinese officials unexpectedly limited reporters’ access to the President China’s President Xi Jinping Reuters When asked about the airport kerfuffle Obama acknowledged to reporters that “the seams are showing a little more than usual in terms of some of the negotiations and jostling that takes place behind the scenes” “I wouldn’t over-crank the significance of it because as I said this is not the first time that these things happened” Obama said “And it doesn’t just happen here It happens in a lot of places including by the way sometimes our allies Part of it is we also have a much bigger footprint than a lot of other countries And we’ve got a lot of planes and a lot of helicopters and a lot of cars and a lot of guys and if you’re a host country sometimes it may feel a little bit much” There was little stopping Virat Kohli on the pitch as a blistering century put the Rising Pune Supergiants to the sword in Bengaluru on Saturday And it seems things are no different off the pitch as well where Virat Kohli is clearly the man-in-command in the Royal Challengers Bangalore camp Kohli’s aggression seems to be rubbing off on his captaincy and he’s not shy of taking bold calls It was on display against RPS where everyone was surprised with the absence of Chris Gayle in the starting eleven and Kohli confirmed that he was dropped rather than rested Royal Challengers of Bangalore’s Chris Gayle AFP Chris Gayle had been away from the RCB camp after he went back to Jamaica because of the birth of his first child before returning to Bangalore on 25 April Gayle has since featured in just one of four RCB’s games KL Rahul who was brought into the side in place of Gayle has been consistent with his performances at the top of the order with scores of51 51* 52 and 38 in his four innings in the side It was earlier thought that Gayle’s absence in the RCB line-up was down to an injury but Kohli confirmed that Gayle was dropped and not rested Kohli didn’t want to change the opening partnership with Rahul that was doing well for the team and felt the need to strengthen the middle order? said Liu Xiaobo wants to go abroad for the sake of his wife.

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