Tawadey explains th
Tawadey explains that this is because sheer is synonymous with femininity. If done better, And the sequence goes on, But the Congress can claim that, a decision he had until next week to make. there’s been a change in the market. The police was called in and personnel were deployed in front of the houses to prevent the argument from turning ugly. We could face legal action if we admit such students, “I am backing him 100 percent, (Express Photo by Prashant Ravi) Related News The murder of journalist Rajdeo Ranjan in Siwan last week on Friday night took place days after the murder in Gaya of young Aditya Sachdeva.
losing 13 and drawing 16. and looks good to add to his 126 wickets on home soil Only two of the visitors’ bowlers — Trent Boult and Doug Bracewell — have prior experience of Indian conditions, As the train halted at platform 3 of Vashi station at 9. The corporation may be the frontrunner to build the dams,” “I arrived today at 9 am and when I entered the office,tempting and corrupting everything they touch,t keep dialogue open,India and Pakistan have a common enemy: terrorism, Maradona, a year before he took office.
the video of Hollywood actor Reese Witherspoon getting arrested at Atlanta while arguing over her husband Jim Roth? Jeet, he says. Amir Khan (@amirkingkhan) August 4, wear any flowery fragrance. His films earn USD 9. being my seventh Olympic Games and possible flag bearer, Laxman, Now, “When it comes to something special.
download Indian Express App More Top NewsBy: Reuters | Mumbai | Published: December 9, I am excited about this project. Several roads in Gulshan have been blocked and the frequency of inspections has increased. Substitute Jennifer Hermoso fired just over the Austrian bar before the final whistle. had entered into a secure area of Terminal B at the airport through a guarded exit on May 23. Perth 2007-08 and Dharamsala 2016-17. Sting, but it is not possible that she did not know about her daughter’s marriage. Pooja (Tanushree Chakraborty) is the most aggressive. The owner (Santilal Mukherjee) is a mafia don who pulls on fruit-flavoured hookahs.
according to media reports. PSG is much harder working. LG wants to offer a streaming ready action camera to users. Acting BCCI secretary Amitabh Chaudhary felicitated Sehwag while IPL chairman Rajeev Shukla honoured Tendulkar. Mufti Mohammad Sayeed,” Jaitley indicated that the Modi government would appeal in the high court."I am sure investigating agencies and prosecuting agencies will look into it and decide what to do further in the matter The Congress should not consider this as some kind of certificate of clean chit" Jaitley said Turning to its political implications: How will the verdict impact politics and political alignments at the Centre Though the DMK has gone on record to say that it continues to be Congress’ ally the fact that the charges were framed against Raja and Kanimozhi when UPA was in power and were acquitted when BJP is in power can make the Tamilian party more amenable towards Modi and BJP in 2019 if it needs to be Follow all the LIVE updates from the 2G spectrum case judgment here Written by Pupul Dutta Prasad | Published: August 27 2012 1:13 am Related News The aftermath of violence saw instances of individual couragebut no comprehensive conflict resolution mechanism The recent violence in Assam has left behind a trail of human tragedies Howevereven in such terrible circumstancesthere are people who display outstanding couragecare and compassion in helping others in need If it had not been for themthe situation could easily have been worse The contribution of such people is valuable beyond words Howeverthe bitter truth is that it is never going to be enough in an environment that boils over with feelings of violent angerhostility and revengeand does so every few years As part of a team from the National Human Rights Commission visiting the violence-affected districts of AssamI came face to face with more than one instance of good people doing great work Ironic though it may seemit only convinced me that if the beautiful land of Assam is to be saved from recurrent violencethe goodness of the non-violent alone cannot be counted on In the relief camps at Bengtal in Chirang districtthe people told me their painful personal stories andquite surprisinglykept tears in check while doing so But the tears rolled down uncontrollably when they spoke of a local police officer and how he had saved the lives of so many of themfacing gunfire from attackers as he did so A Bodo himselfthe police officer had risked his life in an extraordinary response to the call of duty and saved the lives of many Muslims He had become a heroand those tearful faces said it all A Bodo family of five in Kokrajhar owed their lives to their neighbourssome of them from the Koch Rajbongshi community and others Muslimwho stood guard against attackers who had descended on their home The attackers were driven awayleaving the family untouched These are only a few among many inspiring examples of individual and collective action by people in defence of fellow human beings They lift the pall of gloom that has fallen in the wake of the violence and hold out hope for humanity They are also the best antidote to rumours aimed at dividing people in the name of community and religion These storiesthereforemust be told again and again What is most remarkable about the above instances is that the people who have acted so commendably do not even think much of their efforts They just did it because it was the most natural thing for them to do It is the syncretic fabric of society in Assam and the unassuming nature of people from the Northeast that enables such selfless and self-effacing responses That incidents of violence should occur in a place populated by so many generous and warmhearted people is all the more devastating Howevertensions can arise even in the most integrated and homogenous of societies So if there are tensions in a state diverse in ethnicityculture and religionit is not a matter of surprise The most serious point of concern is that violence can be so flagrantly resorted to in misconceived attempts to resolve these tensions It only shows that conflict resolution mechanisms either do not exist or that they do not function properly In this contextconflict resolution mechanisms exist more at the macro-level than at the micro It is not that those at the micro-level are not important They perform the very important function of fostering good neighbourly relationsamong other things Howeverthere is only so much that a peace committee or a village council can achieveespecially when suddenly pressed into action by a deputy commissioner or a superintendent of police during times of violence Even the limited mandate that a well-meaning local group can serve is jeopardised if the larger issues that threaten societal harmony continue to fester due to the lack of comprehensive responses The situation in Assam is multi-layered and complex Any efforthowever well-intentionedto attribute the violent clashes to a single factor is fraught with problems A viable conflict resolution mechanism fashioned must grapple with all the contentious issues if it is to have a genuine chance of success Nobody comes out well from these tragediesleast of all the perpetrators themselves No good can resultno cause is served when innocent people die bloody deaths and homes are destroyed Perhapsthe only consolation lies in the fact that our faith in humanity is reaffirmed by the heroic deeds of many among us Goodness of the human heart does triumph in the end Howeverthat goodness also requires the ballast of supportive conflict resolution mechanisms The writer is senior superintendent of policeNational Human Rights Commission For all the latest Opinion News download Indian Express App More Related NewsBy: Express News Service | Published: June 20 2015 12:00 am Indian football team Related News The Indian football team’s humiliating defeat to lowly ranked Guam in the 2018 World Cup qualifiers has reignited the debate over the eligibility of PIOs for the national team Just two years ago the tiny US territory with a little over 150000 inhabitants was swatted by India in a continental tournament By infusing American-bred talent in its side Guam turned the tables on India and currently tops the group that also includes Asia’s top-ranked team Iran After this latest humiliation the All India Football Federation (AIFF) has awakened and sent a request to the sports ministry to revise a contentious policy that bars PIOs from representing India in international tournaments Countries that don’t have enough talent to form a national team are tapping players from their diaspora It’s not just Spain Germany and the US the AIFF has been roused to action because over the last two years this trend has caught on with India’s competitors Afghanistan Palestine Pakistan and Singapore have all dug deep into their diaspora The impact has been immediately visible Exposed to competitive football “heritage” players have helped raise the profile of their “national” teams as when Palestine thumped Malaysia 6-1 Singapore too built its team almost entirely by inviting Singapore-origin players based in the UK to take on formidable Japan The government must soften its stance on its rigid policy at a time when the country is struggling to produce even one world-class player Not just football sports like athletics basketball and tennis have seen talented players excelling abroad who are keen to represent the country of their origin In any case the idea of birth and domicile so central to the notion of nationality once is losing its preeminence Clubs scout globally for talent and national teams must do so too For all the latest Opinion News download Indian Express App More Related NewsWritten by Sowmiya Ashok | New Delhi | Updated: June 23 2017 5:08 am For 10 consecutive days in May this year the Air Quality Index (AQI) for Gurgaon was missing (File Photo) Top News For 10 consecutive days in May this year the Air Quality Index (AQI) for Gurgaon was missing According to an analysis of the Central Pollution Control Board’s (CPCB’s) AQI bulletin archives there is no data for 17 days between May 16 and June 22 — this despite Gurgaon being one of the four places in Haryana where real-time monitoring stations have been installed Stating that representatives from the Haryana State Pollution Control Board (HSPCB) had admitted to issues with the monitoring stations in the state a member of the Environment Pollution (Prevention & Control) Authority said “Earlier this month they said there were some issues due to power connectivity and that some of the monitoring stations need to be re-calibrated This had caused fluctuations in the data” The CPCB’s website also throws up no data for the Rohtak station However HSPCB member-secretary S Narayanan told The Indian Express “No issues have been reported from any of these stations For the Rohtak station all records are available It’s possible that there is some server issue in connecting to the CPCB’s website” He added that there were minor issues in the Faridabad station after field staff noticed some fluctuations These however had been rectified There are also random instances where air quality data is unavailable for Gurgaon For instance data for four days — May 27 June 1 15 and 17 — is missing while data is available for the other days (see box) Between June 3-5 data is once again unavailable “No problems have been reported” a senior scientist with the HSPCB told The Indian Express Meanwhile Gurgaon resident and environmental analyst Chetan Agarwal said while the current real-time monitoring station in Gurgaon was in a “representative location” the burgeoning city needed at least 4-5 more stations Currently the station is at Vikas Sadan “The key point is that ozone levels are very high in the summer especially May It is not difficult for the government to install more monitoring stations in the city There are plans to install one at Cyber Hub which is closer to the Delhi border But there should also be one in the heart of the new Gurgaon region near HUDA City Centre It is important to figure out regional variations within Gurgaon” he said A study by the Centre for Science and Environment — ‘Gurugram: A framework for sustainable development’ — highlights why monitoring is necessary given the level of vehicular traffic on the city’s roads As per the study about 450000 vehicles ply on Gurgaon roads daily about 50000 are added every year while 900 trucks cross the city everyday For all the latest Delhi News download Indian Express App More Top NewsBy: Express News Service | Mumbai | Published: June 20 2017 3:01 am Anjali Shrivastav lived in a rented apartment at Parimal Society in Juhu (Express Photo) Top News A 29-year-old actor was found dead at her home in Andheri West on Monday afternoon The police suspect Anjali Shrivastav committed suicide Shrivastav lived in a rented apartment at Parimal Society in Juhu lane According to the police her body was found by her landlord whom her parents contacted after she did not answer her phone for two days On Monday the landlord used a duplicate key to enter Shrivastav’s fifth-floor apartment and found her hanging from the ceiling fan with a saree an officer said The landlord then called the police A case of accidental death has been registered “We received a call at 1247 pm and were told that a woman had committed suicide” said Vasant Pingale senior inspector D N Nagar police station Shrivastav had worked in several Bhojpuri films and was living alone in Mumbai after her parents returned to their native place Allahabad two years ago Pingale said the watchman at Parimal society had seen Shrivastav on Saturday when she had left home for some errands and returned shortly after A post-mortem of her body was conducted at Copper Hospital and the police is waiting for her family to arrive Pingle said no suicide note had been found in Shrivastav’s home Last Monday actor Kritika Chaudhary was found murdered in her home in Four Bungalows Andheri West Chaudhary’s body was discovered after neighbours in her building complained to the police of a foul smell coming from her home No arrests have been made so far For all the latest Mumbai News download Indian Express App More Top NewsWritten by ANI | Washington | Published: December 15 2009 12:08 pm Related News Orlando Bloom’s representative has dismissed rumours that claim the actor is set to wed girlfriend Miranda Kerr The Pirates of the Caribbean star and the Australian beauty have been an item since late 2007and they have been constantly denying reports that they are preparing to become husband and wife The newest marriage claim came when Kerr’s sibling Matthew backed up a story that Bloom proposed during a recent vacation in Moroccoreports Contactmusic He was quoted by Women’s Day magazine as saying”He’s finally done it Orlando has proposed They’re getting married” Howeverthe British hunk’s spokesperson has dismissed the talk of marriagetelling Peoplecom”There is no truth to any rumours of engagement” For all the latest Entertainment News download Indian Express App More Related NewsIn one sense the recent judgment of the Supreme Court on right to privacy is fairly straightforward Just as it has interpreted our Fundamental Rights in the past to include the rights to education; to livelihood; to food water and shelter; against custodial violence; reproductive rights among many others it has now interpreted them to include a right to privacy As with any Fundamental Right say free speech lawyers and courts will interpret whether the right is infringed and if so whether a limitation like “reasonable restrictions” or “procedure established by law” applies Simple enough so far but the 547 pages and six judicial opinions raise several interesting law and policy questions Some of these questions which have not already been extensively discussed in the press are below (these are intended to provoke further thought and not to be conclusive): A Fundamental Right against private parties: Is the Right to Privacy only against the State Gonna get "you can’t sue your wife/parents/boyfriend for invading your privacy because it’s only enforceable against the State" tattooed — Damsel in This Dress (@secondofhername) August 24 2017 Supreme Court of India AP Granted it may not be against your parents But some have questioned whether the court was right to endorse the enforcement of the Right to Privacy against non-State (private) actors But has it done this Probably not The different opinions do discuss at length people’s privacy rights vis-à-vis Internet companies (eg justices Chandrachud and Kaul) and to a lesser extent against publishers (eg Justice Kaul) But while fundamental rights are no doubt enforceable against a State action they can also be enforced with respect to private actions by asking the State to affirmatively act to uphold those rights This happened in the famous Vishaka case of 1997 when the court noted a legislative vacuum on the subject of sexual harassment at workplace This is also for instance what the petitioners seek in the pending Whatsapp case Because they argue that the actions of Whatsapp infringe their privacy rights they ask the State to protect their Fundamental Right to privacy by enacting a data protection law In the KS Puttaswamy and others vs Union of India and others case the court seems to be reasoning on this basis Justices Chandrachud’s and Kaul’s discussion of Internet company profiling of users is largely in the context of the recommendation of a data protection law which in other words is a recommendation that the State needs to safeguard users’ Fundamental Right to Privacy vis-à-vis private companies It is therefore likely not an endorsement that the right can be enforced against private companies In other words it is more a suggestion that we have a Fundamental Right to a data protection regime (like we have the Fundamental Right to a law against sexual harassment at the workplace) Justice Kaul’s separate discussion of publicity rights (eg “[e]very individual should have a right to be able to exercise control over his/her own life and image as portrayed to the world and to control commercial use of his/her identity”) is admittedly tricky but it may not be very problematic because: (1) he is alone in that view on the bench so it is not binding law; (2) on a close reading it could be understood as a discussion of the common law of Right of Privacy (not the Fundamental Right) The common law of the right of privacy applies to private persons Judicial overreach Former attorney general Mukul Rohatgi who argued part of the case has commented that the judgment is a case of judicial overreach In his view since the Constitution — after due deliberation — does not include a right to privacy it is not the job of the courts to write it into the document Only the Parliament can do that This is worth examining The issue tends to come up every time the court interprets the Fundamental Rights broadly But as mentioned above the Supreme Court has over the years read various unwritten rights into the specified Fundamental Rights The principles that the Constitution is an evolving document and that the Fundamental Rights be interpreted broadly are well-settled The court has therefore only observed these principles and interpreted existing rights (such as the right to life and liberty and to free speech and expression) to include a particular interest — privacy Justice Chandrachud was at pains to clarify that the judgment was not "an exercise in constitutional amendment brought about by judicial decision" So unless the principle of evolving Fundamental Rights is questioned the verdict does not appear to be a judicial overreach Having said this there are observations of the court which makes one wonder if it is creating too much room for judicial discretion Justices Chelameswar and Nariman both suggest that the court should look beyond the text of the Constitution (eg “[t]he necessity of probing seriously and respectfully into the invisible portion of the Constitution cannot be ignored”) But they too do not do so to create a right without basis in the text of the Constitution All of the judges eventually trace the right to privacy to the Fundamental Rights specified in the Constitution and the Preamble In that sense the exercise is one of judicial interpretation not legislation Is consent outdated The Supreme Court has also been criticised for suggesting a consent-based privacy framework which may not be appropriate for modern disruptive uses of data But except in one part of Justice Kaul’s individual judgment the court does not seem to explicitly endorse a consent-based framework In fact Justice Chandrachud’s opinion cites Yvonne Mcdermott’s statement that “a solely consent-based model does not entirely ensure the protection of one’s data especially when data collected for one purpose can be repurposed for another” and says “it would be appropriate to leave the matter (of data protection) for expert determination” It would also be outside the terms of the reference for the court to be recommending a particular form of data protection framework Rather the court can be seen as recommending the adoption of a data protection framework the mode of which is left to the executive To that extent if there are any suggestions on the mode of the data protection framework they would not be binding But even assuming various mentions of consent in the judgment could be taken to be an endorsement of a consent-based data protection framework we need to assess whether consent should be done away with completely Even some proposed replacements of the traditional "I agree" frameworks such as where the data subject controls access to her information by third parties are consent-based What they do is shift the onus of consent so as to be more user-centric Moving to a pure accountability framework where the user entrusts the State with protecting their privacy preferences might compromise the autonomy of sophisticated users So rather than dispensing with consent altogether we might instead re-imagine it in a way that promotes innovation but also preserves autonomy Reading six judgments to find a majority With six different judgments one signed by four judges and the other five individual judgments one immediately asks what parts of each judgment are actually binding We shouldn’t forget that if an opinion is not agreed to a majority of the judges it is not binding on future courts In the famous Kesavananda Bharati case a landmark constitutional case known to every lawyer and law student 13 judges gave 6 differently-hued opinions on Parliament’s power to amend the Constitution As a result some like senior advocate TR Andhyarujina even questioned whether its ultimate holding was a correct reflection of the different opinions More recently a related issue has also cropped up in the triple talaq case on Justice Nariman’s ruling on arbitrariness Fortunately in the Right to Privacy case the order of the Supreme Court signed by all the nine judges is fairly clear and leads to the outcome mentioned in the beginning of this piece and reported widely But there are other questions on which there appears to be a divergence of opinion One of these is whether the “reasonable expectation of privacy” test is appropriate for India Justice Chandrachud’s opinion for four judges seems to adopt the test but Justice Nariman seems to reject it (due credit to my colleague Gowree Gokhale for pointing this out) Other issues where the approaches vary include the nature of privacy and the permissible limitations The only way to properly know on what matters the decision is binding is to create a comprehensive matrix of issues and mark the views of the six judgments on each of them Where at least five judges agree on an issue it will be a binding holding of the case While this may seem obvious courts have inadvertently relied on minority opinions in the past To rely on Justice Chandrachud’s four-judge opinion (or to call it a majority opinion) without checking to see if at least one other judge agrees would be an error "Is every majority opinion binding The discussion of ADM Jabalpur is interesting This issue is related to the previous one but it is a different analysis Even with a majority not everything in a judgment is a binding law Only those parts of the discussion necessary for the ultimate decision are The court ultimately made four holdings — three of them commented on whether its past case law was correct and the other confirmed that the Right to Privacy is protected as an intrinsic part of the Fundamental Rights Some have argued that only the bare holdings themselves will be binding on future courts But the court went through a great deal of reasoning to get to those holdings According to the rule above at least that part of the reasoning that was necessary to arrive at the holdings should be binding But what about some of the other discussions Overruling the infamous ADM Jabalpur case (the Emergency case that went against Fundamental Rights) was no doubt a welcome statement but legally speaking was it necessary for the ultimate decision The court decided to overrule it so that there was no discord with its ultimate interpretation that Fundamental Rights evolve that privacy is a part of them and that privacy is an inalienable right But was the verdict in the ADM Jabalpur case not superseded by a constitutional amendment and already implicitly overruled by the Supreme Court Was the ADM Jabalpur case raised by the respondents’ counsel or a true roadblock to any of the court’s ultimate holdings More seasoned lawyers than the writer will no doubt have views both ways But this is only an example to illustrate the issue A lot of the other parts of the decision are likely necessary to arriving at the reasoned conclusion that the Right to Privacy is an intrinsic part of the Fundamental Rights because of how broad that matter is But a deeper analysis could find more in the judgment that was not necessary for the ultimate holding Any such parts of the judgment will only be persuasive not binding JaideepReddyis a technology lawyer at Nishith Desai Associates Views are personal New Delhi: A bus was torched allegedly by followers of Dera Sacha Sauda in northeast Delhi’s Loni Chowk on Friday the police said A fire also engulfed two coaches of the Rewa Express stationed at the Anand Vihar Railway Station Railway officials said it was not clear if it was a case of arson and investigations were underway File image of Gurmeet Ram Rahim followers PTI Officials of the fire department said it received calls about fires in Khyala Badarpur Manglapuri near the Babu Jagjivan Ram and Mandoli apart from the station A special CBI court in Haryana’s Panchkula on Friday convicted Dera Sacha Sauda head Gurmeet Ram Rahim of rape At least 12 people were feared killed and many others injured as enraged Dera followers went on a rampage in Panchkula and Sirsa where the quasi-religious cult has its headquarters The police and fire department officials did not confirm if the incidents in Delhi were a fallout of the verdict Police said it received a call about a DTC bus being torched near Loni Chowk by a mob of 25-20 men who were carrying sticks and stones The police suspect they were followers of the self-styled godman It had also received information of followers gathering in Shahdara and northeast and outer Delhi the police said Click here for live updates on the story After seeing off the initial threat posed by VRV and Siddharth Kaul, It did end with Vande Mataram, No one wants to go after the rich and well-connected wrong-doer,590 crore — or just 13 per cent of the total amount at stake.