Southern Cone countries have realized that halting the drug flow through their territory begins with secure borders. As the shortest route between their cocaine-producing Andean neighbors and West Africa, a major conduit to the European drug market, the Southern Cone has increased as a transit point for shipping cocaine to consumer markets abroad. The illicit trade in turn threatens the local population with a growing sense of insecurity, the presence of criminal organizations and armed gangs, and as many as 2.4 million drug users on the continent, according to 2010 U.N. figures. “It is easier to secure drugs at the border than to secure drugs at the ports,” said Oslain Santana, coordinator of the counternarcotics unit of the Brazilian Federal Police, explaining that once drugs have entered the country, they are redistributed to numerous traffickers. Brazil increased the number of police officers by 90 percent between 2007 and 2010. In the past three to four years, Santana told Diálogo in an interview from Brasilia that new police officers spend their first tour assigned to the state of Amazonas, which borders Peru and Colombia. The country also increased its training and cooperation with Paraguay, Bolivia and Uruguay. In 2010, an agreement was signed with Colombia to allow an officer exchange program this year. Skills training with regional, European and U.S. officials takes place regularly in Brazil covering topics including money laundering, drug interdiction in ports and airports and use of canines. In Brazil, technological innovations have included electronic surveillance on the border, unmanned aerial vehicles and greater information sharing with international agencies such as Interpol, as well as internal intelligence gathering. Santana said that his nation’s collaboration with the U.S. government goes back 20 years. “We are very grateful in large part for the technology and investigation techniques used for drug interdiction,” he said. Santana added that while drug interdiction is primarily the responsibility of the Federal Police, informal relationships with the Brazilian military are vital for sharing logistical information and requesting assistance in the form of boats and helicopters to track down traffickers. Sean Waite, U.S. Drug Enforcement Administration, or DEA, country attaché in Chile, told Diálogo in an e-mail interview that larger scale trafficking is more common at the northern borders of Chile and through the ports of Arica and Iquique, near Peru and Bolivia. Some 40 percent of border drug seizures in 2010 also took place in Paso Los Libertadores according to the government; the pass is located directly east of the major port of Valparaiso on Chile’s border with Argentina and the largest access route to the capital of Santiago. The Chilean government announced in February 2011 an investment of $35 million for a new border complex, and 10,000 more Carabineros police to help fight narcotrafficking and organized crime, according to the Chilean government website, www.gob.cl. Chile has also increased surveillance of containers at its ports and upgraded border surveillance technology along its northern borders with Peru and Bolivia, including the use of unmanned aerial vehicles. Lucia Dammert, an analyst with the nongovernmental Global Consortium on Security Transformation in Santiago, said Chile has become part of the network of drug routes feeding consumer markets internally and in Brazil and Argentina. “It is important to recognize that this is a regional problem,” she said. Maritime trafficking hot spots have emerged in the border zones to the north of the country. “There are ports that receive much more transit of goods, much more transit of people, and in this, we can see a greater presence in drug trafficking,” she said. The Chilean police have also received training from a variety of sources, including the DEA Academy’s International Training Section, according to Waite. In 2009, Argentina identified dozens of illegal airstrips near its borders with Paraguay and Bolivia. New military radar stations were installed and legislation was enacted to allow for immediate information sharing between provincial and federal police forces, according to industry forecaster Global Insight. Drug violence Across the region, countries are noticing increases in violent crime associated with the drug trade. In Argentina, a triple murder in 2008 gripped the attention of Buenos Aires residents and drew notice to the violence associated with drug trafficking. Drug violence in Brazil is often associated with powerful gangs. “In this country, we have observed that violence is intimately connected to the trafficking of drugs,” said Santana, noting the relationship between arms trafficking and drug trafficking. Dammert believes that while Chile is not known for large scale drug seizures, the real threat in the country is the rise in violence and crime associated with drug consumption. “A significant percentage of crimes that take place in the country are done by people who are drug addicts, or who are looking for money to buy drugs, or by people who live in the world of trafficking,” she said, adding that a recent study by Fundacion Paz Ciudadana (Citizen Peace Foundation) in Santiago found that 80 percent of those detained had consumed drugs in the 24 hours prior to their arrest. “This is perhaps one of the top concerns in Chile, the increase in insecurity, or the feeling of safety,” Dammert said. By Dialogo April 01, 2011 Security experts acknowledged to Diálogo there is more to be done to combat this threat. Santana advocates regional cooperation through information sharing and training. “Brazil is encouraging information exchange,” he said, noting the DEA as an example for the region. “We are trying to apply the same policy with countries here in the Southern Cone with respect to producers of cocaine and marijuana.” Chile’s Dammert believes steps have been taken toward regional collaboration, but she said the road is still long, “Even if we do not have high levels of violence, we have to begin to review the best ways to prevent these groups from establishing themselves by strengthening the institutions of government and, above all, look at the role each country plays in the varied world of crime.”
Some homes were empty because they were awaiting demolition.NEW figures reveal almost 200,000 homes were empty in Queensland on Census night.Analysis of the 2016 Census data by SGS Economics and Planning, revealed 7.6 per cent of homes in Greater Brisbane — 68,386 dwellings — were empty on the night of the count.There were even more in regional Queensland with 11.7 per cent of homes — 127,171 dwellings — empty.Nationally Census figures revealed there were more than 1 million homes unoccupied on the night.The report found that figure, which represented 11.2 per cent of dwellings, was only 0.5 percentage points higher, than the previous census in 2011, and had been fairly consistent since 2001.It analysed the recent census data after discussion around whether the high number of empty homes was because of investors intentionally leaving homes unoccupied in capital cities and the rise of properties being used for Air BnB. While previous Census in the eighties would ask why a property was unoccupied, that question was no longer asked.More from newsMould, age, not enough to stop 17 bidders fighting for this home2 hours agoBuyers ‘crazy’ not to take govt freebies, says 28-yr-old investor2 hours agoSome homes were only empty on Census night because they were between tenants. Picture: ThinkstockIn the eighties about 65 per cent of homes were empty on Census night because it was a holiday home or the residents were away that night.To determine if those reasons where still the same or if investors were leaving properties sitting empty, SGS Economics and Planning analysed data from other sources to work out a similar breakdown.It found the majority — about two thirds — of unoccupied dwellings on Census night were empty because they were holiday homes or the resident were absent.“The share of holiday homes is lower than the estimates from the eighties,’’ it said.“Which makes sense given falling home ownership rates. Residents absent was higher which given the increased mobility of households would also appear to make sense.“While this analysis has limitations, it suggested that most of the dwellings were unoccupied on Census night were unoccupied for a very valid reason.“There does not appear to be a large pool of dwellings being withheld from the housing market.’’The report also revealed that the Moreton Bay area had the lowest rate of unoccupied dwellings in Queensland. It attributed this to a high level of demand in the area, low vacancy rates and properties selling faster.
Batesville, In. — The Batesville Christian Church will host adoption support group meetings on the fourth Monday of each month between February and July of 2019. The meetings will be held at the church at 1294 Columbus Avenue from 11:30 a.m. to 1 p.m.For more information please call 812-929-3234.
WHAT a week it has been for Donegal. Incredible emotions last Sunday as Jim McGuinness, Rory Gallagher and Michael Murphy led the county to All-Ireland glory at Croke Park.There was an incredible electric atmosphere at Croker; repeated in every townland across the county.And that buzz has continued for the past week as the players and their management team gave so generously of their time in touring as many towns and villages as possible.This incredibly emotional video was produced by jacksonsmediatv.com. They followed the team to the home clubs of manager Jim McGuinness and captain Michael Murphy.The homecomings to Glenties and Glenswilly were special moments for them, their families and their friends – and the communities brought together by gaelic games.One week on from that special day in Dublin, watch this stunning video. And enjoy it.Click to play. SIMPLY STUNNING: VIDEO OF SAM’S VISITS TO GLENTIES AND GLENSWILLY was last modified: September 30th, 2012 by BrendaShare this:Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window)Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window)Click to share on LinkedIn (Opens in new window)Click to share on Reddit (Opens in new window)Click to share on Pocket (Opens in new window)Click to share on Telegram (Opens in new window)Click to share on WhatsApp (Opens in new window)Click to share on Skype (Opens in new window)Click to print (Opens in new window) Tags:SIMPLY STUNNING: VIDEO OF SAM’S VISITS TO GLENTIES AND GLENSWILLY